Visas for U.S. Citizens Going to Other Countries (Foreign Entry Requirements)

Foreign Entry Requirements

This listing is for U.S. citizens traveling on tourism/business and does not apply to persons planning to emigrate to foreign countries. Persons traveling on official business for the U.S. Government should obtain visa information from the agency sponsoring their travel. For purposes of this publication, a visa is an endorsement or stamp placed by officials of a foreign country on a U.S. passport that allows the bearer to visit that foreign country. Note: Wherever you see the words “photo(s) required” in this publication, it generally means that you will need to submit passport-size (2″x2″) photographs.

IMPORTANT: THIS LISTING IS PREPARED FROM INFORMATION OBTAINED FROM FOREIGN EMBASSIES PRIOR TO OCTOBER 2004. THIS INFORMATION IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE. CHECK ENTRY REQUIREMENTS WITH THE CONSULAR OFFICIALS OF THE COUNTRIES TO BE VISITED WELL IN ADVANCE.

PASSPORTS: U.S. citizens who travel to a country where a valid U.S. passport is not required will need documentary evidence of their U.S. citizenship and identity. Proof of U.S. citizenship includes an expired U.S. passport, a certified (original) birth certificate, Certificate of Naturalization, Certificate of Citizenship, or Report of Birth Abroad of a Citizen of the United States. To prove identity, a valid driver’s license or government identification card are acceptable provided they identify you by physical description or photograph. However, for travel overseas and to facilitate reentry into the U.S., a valid U.S. passport is the best documentation available and unquestionably proves your U.S. citizenship.

Before you send your passport through the mail to apply for a visa, sign it in ink, and write in pencil your current address and daytime telephone number in the space provided. This will help the U.S. Postal Service return it to you should it become separated from the envelope during processing.

Some countries require that your U.S. passport be valid at least 6 months or longer beyond the dates of your trip. If your passport expires before the required validity, you will have to apply for a new one. Please check with the Embassy or nearest Consulate of the country that you plan to visit for their requirements.

Some Middle Eastern or African countries will not issue visas or allow entry if your passport indicates travel to Israel. Consult the National Passport Information Center, telephone1-877-4USA-PPT ( 1-877-487-2778 or TDD/TTY: 1-888-874-7793 ) or http://www.travel.state.gov/passport/index.html for guidance if this applies to you.

VISAS: If a visa is required, obtain it from the appropriate foreign consular representative before proceeding abroad. Allow sufficient time for processing your visa application, especially if you are applying by mail. Most foreign consular representatives are located in principal cities, and in many instances, a traveler may be required to obtain visas from the consular office in the area of his/her residence. IT IS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE TRAVELER TO OBTAIN VISAS, WHERE REQUIRED, FROM THE APPROPRIATE EMBASSY OR NEAREST CONSULATE OF THE COUNTRY YOU ARE PLANNING TO VISIT. As soon as you receive your visa, check it to make sure no mistakes were made. Processing and visa fees vary, and most fees may not be refundable. For specific details, consult the Embassy or Consulate of the country you plan to visit.

IMMUNIZATIONS: Under the International Health Regulations adopted by the World Health Organization, a country may require International Certificates of Vaccination against yellow fever, especially if you are traveling from an area of the world that is infected with yellow fever. Prophylactic medication for malaria and certain other preventive measures are advisable for travel to some countries. No immunizations are required to return to the United States. Detailed health information may be obtained from your local healthcare provider or by contacting the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, telephone 1-877- 394-8747 or Internet: www.cdc.gov.

AIDS/HIV TESTING: An increasing number of countries have established regulations regarding AIDS testing, particularly for long-term visitors. Although many are listed here, check with the Embassy or Consulate of the country that you plan to visit to verify if this is a requirement for entry.

ADDITIONAL FEES: All international flights are subject to U.S. Immigration and U.S. Customs fees paid in advance as part of your ticket. In addition, many countries have departure fees that are sometimes collected at the time of ticket purchase or upon exiting the foreign country.

AFGHANISTAN – *Passport and visa required. For specific requirements, consult the Embassy of Afghanistan located at 341 Wyoming Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008, (202-483-6410). Internet: www.embassyofafghanistan.org

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ALBANIA – * A passport is required. Visa not required for business/tourist stay of up to 90 days. Apply for an extension of up to 180 days at the local police station. Departure fee $10 (U.S.), payable in U.S. dollars or local currency (lek). For additional information, contact the Embassy of the Republic of Albania at 2100 S St., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/223-4942) or nearest Honorary Consuls: LA (504/596-4229), MA (617/482-6262) or TX (281/345-9599 ).

ALGERIA – *Passport and visa required. Obtain visa prior to arrival. Visa applications must be typed. Handwritten visa applications are not being accepted. Visas, for stays up to 90 days, provide 2 application forms, 2 photos, and $55.50 fee (money order or certified check). Tourist visas require an itinerary from an airline and a hotel reservation. Business visas require a company letter. Enclose a SASE for return of passport by registered, certified or express mail. Visas valid for 45 days from date of issuance. For currency regulations and other information, contact the Consular Section of the Embassy of the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, 2118 Kalorama Rd., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/265-2800). Internet: www.algeria-us.org

ANDORRA – (See France.)

ANGOLA – *Passport, visa, and International Certificate of Vaccination required. Certificate must show inoculations against yellow fever and cholera. Failure to do so may result in involuntary vaccinations and/or fines. Tourist visas require 2 application forms, 2 recent photos with name on back, letter stating purpose of travel, letter of invitation sent by the individual or institution to be contacted in Angola, photocopy of a round-trip ticket or travel itinerary, proof of sufficient funds, and $110 fee (certified check or money order only). Visa valid for stays up to 90 days. The Consular Office of the Embassy of Angola has the right to request additional information, if necessary. For additional information, contact the Embassy of Angola, 2100 16th St., NW, Washington, DC 20009 (202/452-1042/3). Internet: www.angola.org

ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA – Passport or proof of U.S. citizenship or voter’s registration card, along with picture ID, required, return/onward ticket, and proof of funds required for tourist stay of up to 6 months. Contact the Embassy of Antigua and Barbuda, 3216 New Mexico Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20016 (202/362-5122/5166/5211) for further information.

ARGENTINA – *Passport required. Visa not required for business/tourist stay of up to 90 days. For information concerning longer stays, employment, or other types of visas contact the Consular Section of the Argentine Embassy, 1811 Q St., NW, Washington, DC 20009 (202/238-6460) or the nearest Consulate: CA (213/954-9155), FL (305/373-1889), GA (404/880-0805 , IL ( 312/819-2610), NY (212/603-0400) or TX (713/871-8935). Internet: www.embassyofargentina-usa.org

ARMENIA – *Passport and visa required. Visa for stay of up to 21 days, requires 1 application form, 1 photo, and $60 to $95 processing fee (fees vary according to processing time). For stays longer than 21 days, but not exceeding 90 days, an official invitation from a qualifying entity in Armenia is required ($35 to $65 fee). No fee for children under 18 years of age. If applying by mail, enclose a SASE or prepaid air bill indicating type of mail service (i.e., Federal Express, etc.), and money order or certified check in the appropriate amount, payable to the Embassy of Armenia. For more information, contact the Consular Section of the Embassy of the Republic of Armenia, 2225 R St., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/319-2983), or the Consulate General in Beverly Hills, CA (310/657-6102). Internet: www.armeniaemb.org

ARUBA – Passport or proof of U.S. citizenship (original-official birth or naturalization certificate and photo ID) required.  Visa not required for tourist/business visit of up to 90 days.  Proof of onward/return ticket or sufficient funds for stay may be required.  Airport facility charge is $32, paid upon departure.  Fee is included in tickets purchased in the U.S.  AIDS test required for intending immigrants.  For further information, consult the Royal Netherlands Embassy (202/244-5300), or nearest Consulate General: CA (310/266-1598), FL (786/866-0480), IL (312/856-0110) or NY (212/246-1429).  Internet: www.netherlands-embassy.org

AUSTRALIA
– *Passport, Electronic Travel Authority (ETA) or non-electronic label visa, proof of onward or return ticket, and sufficient funds are required. An ETA or non-electronic label visa is required for tourist or business stays of up to 3 months. An ETA is an electronically stored authority to travel to Australia and can be obtained online at www.ETA.immi.gov.au or through participating travel agencies or airlines. Minors not accompanied by a parent or traveling with only one parent need notarized written parental consent from the absent parent(s). AIDS test required for permanent resident visa for applicants age 15 and older; tests taken in the U.S. are acceptable. More information about entry requirements to Australia (including for longer stays) is available on the Embassy of Australia’s website at http://www.austemb.org. Alternatively, visa inquiries may be directed to the Australian Visa Information Service on toll-free 1-888-990-8888.

AUSTRIA – *Passport required. Visa not required for tourist stay of up to 90 days. (**90-day period begins when entering Schengen countries.) More information about entry requirements to Austria (including for longer stays) is available on the Embassy of Austria’s website at www.Austria.org/index.html .  For additional information, contact the Embassy of Austria, 3524 International Court NW, Washington, D.C. 20008, Tel: (202) 895-6711.

AZERBAIJAN – *Passport and visa required. Visa requires original passport, 1 application form, 2 photos, confirmation from hotel or letter of invitation, and appropriate fee ($20 to $250, according to type and length of visa). All travelers staying more than 3 days must register their passports with the local passport-registration authorities. For additional information, contact the Embassy of the Republic of Azerbaijan, 2741 34th St., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/337-3500).

AZORES – (See Portugal.)

 

BAHAMAS – Proof of U.S. citizenship, i.e., a passport (if you are using an expired passport it cannot be expired more than 5 years) or original or certified copy of a birth certificate with a photo ID, and onward/return ticket required for stay of up to 8 months. Passport and residence/work permit needed for residence and business. Permit required for firearms and to import pets. Departure tax of $15 must be paid at airport. For further information call Embassy of the Commonwealth of the Bahamas, 2220 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/319-2660) or nearest Consulate: Miami (305/373-6295) or New York (212/421-6420).

BAHRAIN – *Passport and visa required. Multi-entry tourist visa requires that the applicant submit a letter (for visa) or company letter on company letterhead (for business visa) guaranteeing full responsibility for all expenses, and stating a reason for visit and duration, 1 application form, and $50 fee. Transit visa available upon arrival at the airport is valid from three days to two weeks and require onward/return ticket. Send SASE for return of passport by mail. For departure tax and other information, contact the Consular Section of the Embassy of the Kingdom of Bahrain, 3502 International Drive, NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/342-1111); or the Permanent Mission to the U.N., 866 Second Ave., 14th Floor, New York, NY 10017 (212/223-6200). Internet: www.bahrainembassy.org or www.immigration.gov.bh

BANGLADESH – *Passport, visa, and onward/return ticket required. Tourist/business visa requires 2 application forms, 2 photos, and $45 processing fee (bank draft or money order). Tourist should also attach travel itinerary. Business visa requires letter of justification/financial guarantee from the employer. Student visa requires financial guarantee certificate and letter from educational institution. For longer stays and more information, consult the Embassy of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, 3510 International Drive, NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/244-0183) or the Bangladesh Mission in New York at (212/867-3434). Internet: www.bangladoot.org

BARBADOS – *Passport and proof of sufficient funds required. Cruise passengers planning to disembark in Barbados must have a valid passport. [Tourist] visa not required for stays up to six months. Departure tax of $12.50 ($25 BDS) paid at the airport. For information on longer stays and other types of travel, contact the Embassy of Barbados, 2144 Wyoming Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20008, telephone (202) 939-9200, fax (202) 332-7467, Internet e-mail: barbados@oas.org or the consulates of Barbados in Los Angeles, Miami or New York.

BELARUS – *Passport and visa required. Business visa requires 1 application form, 1 photo, and letter of invitation from a Belarusian organization, company or agency. Visitor visa requires 1 application form, 1 photo, and original invitation from a Belarus citizen. Tour visa (for stay of up to 30 days) requires 1 application form, 1 photo, and confirmation or voucher from travel agency in Belarus. Transit visa is required when traveling through Belarus. The visa processing fee single-entry visas is $100 for 5 working days, and $180 for next day processing. Fees must be paid by money order or cashier’s check only. If applying by mail, enclose SASE or prepaid air bill. For information about student visas and other questions, contact the Embassy of the Republic of Belarus, 1619 New Hampshire Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20009 (202/986-1606), Consulate General, 708 3rd Ave., 21st Floor, New York, NY 10017 (212/682-5392). Internet: www.belarusembassy.org

BELGIUM – *Passport required. Visa not required for business/tourist stay of up to 90 days. (**90-day period begins when entering Schengen countries.) Temporary residence permit required for longer stays, study, or work. For residence authorization, consult Embassy of Belgium, 3330 Garfield St., NW, Washington, DC 20008 ( 202/333-6900), or nearest Consulate General: Los Angeles (323/857-1244), Atlanta (404/659-2150), Chicago (312/263-6624), or New York (212/586-5110).

BELIZE – *Passport, return/onward ticket and sufficient funds (at least $60 per night) required. Visa not required for stay of up to 30 days. If visit exceeds 1 month, obtain a stay permit from the Immigration Authorities in Belize. AIDS test required for those staying more than 3 months; U.S. test accepted if within 3 months of visit. For longer stays and other information, contact the Embassy of Belize, 2535 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 ( 202/332-9636) or the Belize Mission in New York at

BENIN – *Passport and visa required. Visa for stay of up to 36 months, requires $100 fee (certified check or money order only), 1 application form, 1 photo, proof of yellow fever vaccination, proof of return/onward transportation, guarantee from employer, travel agency, or letter of guarantee from bank. Send prepaid envelope for return of passport by certified or express mail. Apply at Embassy of the Republic of Benin, 2124 Kalorama Road, NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/232-6656/7/8).

BERMUDA – Passport (or proof of U.S. citizenship with photo ID) and onward/return ticket required for tourist stay of up to 3 months. Departure tax of $10 is paid at airport. For further information, consult British Embassy (202/588-7800).

BHUTAN – *Passport and visa required. For specific requirements, consult the Bhutan Mission to the U.N., 2 United Nations Plaza, 27th Floor, New York, NY 10017 (212/826-1919) or the Bhutan Travel Service, 120 E 56th St., Suite 1130, New York, NY 10022 (1-800/950-9908 or 212/838-6382)..

BOLIVIA – *Passport required. Visa not required for tourist stay of up to 30 days. Tourist cards issued upon arrival in Bolivia. A “Defined Purpose Visa” for adoptions, business, or other travel requires 1 application form, 1 photo, $85 fee. Business travelers must include a letter from company explaining purpose of trip. Send SASE for return of passport by mail. AIDS test required for intending immigrants. For more information, contact the Consular Section of the Embassy of Bolivia, 1819 H St., NW, Suite 240, Washington, DC 20006 (202/232-4827/28), or the Consulate General 9100 S. Dadeland Blvd., Suite 406, One Darlon Center, Miami, FL 33156 (305/670-0709).

BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA – *Passport required. Visa not required for tourist stays of up to 3 months. All persons entering Bosnia and Herzegovina through an international airport are now required to submit a landing card. Landing cards are provided by airlines during the flight or upon arrival. All foreigners, except those staying at a hotel, must register with the local police within 48 hours of arrival. For more information, contact the Embassy of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2109 E. Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20037, telephone 202-337-1500 or the Consulate General, 866 U.N. Plaza, Suite 580, New York, NY 10017 ( 212/593-0264). Internet: www.bosnianembassy.org

BOTSWANA – *Passport, onward/return ticket, and proof of sufficient funds required. Visa not required for stays up to 90 days. For further information, contact the Embassy of the Republic of Botswana, 1531 New Hampshire Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20036 (202/244-4990) or nearest Honorary Consulate: Los Angeles (213/626-8484) or Houston (713/680-1155).

BRAZIL – *Passport and visa required. Tourist visas are issued within two business days if applicant submits application in person. Visas are valid for multiple entries within 5 years for a period to be determined by the consular officer, for stays of up to 90 days renewable for the same length of stay by the Brazilian Federal Police. First entry into Brazil must be within 90 days of visa issuance.  Visa requires 1 application form, 1 passport size photo, and proof of onward/return transportation.  There is a processing fee of $100 for tourists. Additional $10 fee for applications sent by mail, or by anyone other than applicant. Provide SASE for return of passport by mail. For information about traveling with [Brazilian] minors or other types of visas, contact the Brazilian Embassy (Consular Section), 3009 Whitehaven St. NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/238-2828) or nearest Consulate: CA (323-651-2664 or 415-981-8170), FL (305-285-6200), IL (312-464-0244), MA (617-542-4000), NY (917-777-7777) or TX (713-961-3063).  Internet: www.brasilemb.org/

BRUNEI DARUSSALAM – *Passport and onward/return ticket required. Visa not required for tourist/business stay of up to 90 days. AIDS test required for work permits; tests taken in the U.S. are not accepted. For more information, contact the Embassy of Brunei Darussalam, 3520 International Court, NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/237-1838) or Brunei Darussalam Permanent Mission to the U.N., 711 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017 (212/697-3465). Internet: http://www.bruneiembassy.org/

BULGARIA – *Passport required. Visa not required for stays of up to 30 days. For persons staying over 30 days, obtain a visa in advance. AIDS test required for all intending immigrants and may be required for foreigners staying longer than a month for purposes of study or work; U.S. test is accepted. All travelers, except those staying in a private boarding house or hotel, etc., are required to register with the regional passport office or the police within 48 hours after their arrival in Bulgaria. For more information, contact the Consular Section of the Embassy of the Republic of Bulgaria, 1621 22nd St., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/387-7969 or 387-0174) or the Bulgarian Consulate in New York at (212/935-4646). Internet: www.bulgaria-embassy.org

BURKINA FASO – *Passport and visa required. Multiple-entry visas, valid up to 3 months ($75 fee) or 6 months ($100 fee), require appropriate fee, 2 application forms, and 2 photos. For further information, call Embassy of Burkina Faso, 2340 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/332-5577) or Honorary Consulate in Los Angeles, CA (310/575-5555) or New Orleans, LA (504/945-3152).

BURMA (Myanmar) – *Passport and visa required. Single-entry tourist visa (valid for 3 months), for stay up to 28 days, requires $20 fee, 2 application forms, 3 photos, and itinerary. Tourist visas are issued for package or group tours as well as Foreign Independent Travelers (FITs). Enclose prepaid envelope for return of passport by express mail. Allow up to 5 working days for normal processing. Overland travel into and out of Myanmar is only permitted at certain points (check with Embassy). For business visas and further information, contact the Embassy of the Union of Myanmar, 2300 S St., NW, Washington, DC 20008 ( 202/332-9044 or 9045) or the Myanmar Consulate General Office, 10 East 77th St., New York, NY 10021 (212/535-1310 or 1311). Internet: www.mewashingtondc.com

BURUNDI – *Passport and visa required. Visa requires 3 application forms, 3 photos, letter of invitation, proof of hotel reservation and onward/return ticket, or, for business travel, a letter from government/company, and $80 fee. For more information, consult the Embassy of the Republic of Burundi, Suite 212, 2233 Wisconsin Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20007 (202/342-2574) or Permanent Mission of Burundi to the U.N. (212/499-0001 thru 0006).

CAMBODIA – *Passport and visa required. For specific requirements, consult the Royal Embassy of Cambodia, 4500 16th St., NW, Washington DC 20011 (202/726-7742). Internet: www.embassy.org/cambodia

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CAMEROON – *Passport and visa required. Obtain visa before arrival. Proof of yellow fever immunization required. For specific requirements, consult the Embassy of the Republic of Cameroon, 2349 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/265-8790 to 8794).

CANADA – Passport or proof of U.S. citizenship such as a birth certificate, naturalization certificate, and photo ID required. Minors (under 16) traveling alone or in someone else’s custody must present written authorization, signed before a notary, from the parent(s) or guardian. Visas are not required. Canadian immigration officials at ports of entry will issue persons planning to stay longer than 180 days a visitor’s record. Anyone with a criminal record (including a DWI charge) should contact the Canadian Embassy or nearest Consulate General before travel. U.S. citizens entering Canada from a third country must have a valid passport. For student or business travel, check with the Canadian Embassy, 501 Pennsylvania Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20001 (202/682-1740) or nearest Consulate General: CA (213/346-2701), MI (313/567-2085), NY (212/596-1700 or 716/858-9501), or WA (206/443-1375). Internet: www.canadianembassy.org

CAPE VERDE – *Passport and visa required. For specific requirements, consult the Embassy of the Republic of Cape Verde, 3415 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20007 (202/965-6820) or Consulate General, 535 Boylston St., 2nd Floor, Boston, MA 02116 (617/353-0014). Internet: www.virtualcapeverde.net

CAYMAN ISLANDS – (See West Indies, British.)

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC – *Passport and visa required. Medical report, including AIDS test, required for study, residency, and work permits: U.S. test accepted. For specific requirements, consult the Embassy of Central African Republic, 1618 22nd St., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/483-7800/7801).

CHAD – *Passport and visa required. Visitors must check in with the National Police and obtain a registration stamp within 72 hours of arrival. For more information, contact the Embassy of the Republic of Chad, 2002 R St., NW, Washington, DC 20009 (202/462-4009). Internet: www.chadembassy.org

CHILE – *Passport required. Visa not required for stay of up to 90 days. Entry fee of $100 (U.S.) charged at airport. Exit Requirement: Dependent children under age 18 (including the children of divorced parents) who are traveling alone, with one parent, or in someone else’s custody, must present a notarized document certifying that both parents agree to their travel before the child will be allowed to exit Chile. This document must be notarized before a Chilean consular officer in the United States. For further information, consult the Embassy of Chile, 1732 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20036 ( 202/530-4106) or nearest Consulate General: CA (323/933-3697 and 415/982-7662), FL (305/373-8623), IL (12/654-8780), PA (215/829-9520), NY (212/980-3366), TX (713/621-5853) or PR (787/725-6365). Internet: www.chile-usa.org

CHINA, PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF – *Passport and visa required. Due to tightened visa policy, travelers may be required to undergo a personal interview. Transit visa required for any stop (even if you do not exit the plane or train) in China. Business travelers are required to obtain formal invitation from Chinese business contact. Tourist visas are issued only after receipt of a confirmation letter from a Chinese tour agency or letter of invitation from a relative in China. Single-entry visa requires $50 processing fee, double-entry visa fee $75 (no personal checks), 1 tourist visa application form, and 1 photo. Allow at least 4 business days for processing. Visa valid 90 days from date of issue. For longer stays and more detailed information, contact the Visa Section of the Chinese Embassy, 2201 Wisconsin Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20007 (202/328-2500) or nearest Consulate General: Chicago ( 312/803-0098), Houston (713/524-4311), Los Angeles (213/807-8018), New York (212/330-7409) or San Francisco (415/563-4857). Internet: www.china-embassy.org

COLOMBIA – *Passport and proof of onward/return ticket required for tourist stay of up to 180 days. Upon arrival the Colombian Immigration authority stamps a stay authorization, normally no longer than 90 days (extendible up to 180 days.) Minors (under 18), who are traveling alone, with one parent or with a third party must present a copy of their birth certificate and written authorization from the absent parent(s) or legal guardian, specifically granting permission to travel alone, with one parent or with a third party. This document must be notarized before a Colombian consular officer in the United States. Visa must be obtained before arrival for persons planning to do business, temporary work (consultant), and study. Student and tourist visa fee $40, visitor visa fee $100, and work visa fee $205. Processing time ranges from 48 hours to 2 weeks. For additional information and information about other types of travel, contact the Colombian Embassy, 2118 Leroy Place, NW, Washington, DC 20008 ( 202/387-8338) or nearest Consulate General: CA ( 323/653-4299 or 415/495-7195), FL ( 305/448-5558 or 441-0437), GA ( 404/255-3038 or 256-2518), IL ( 312/923-1196), LA ( 504/525-5580 or 5582), MA ( 617/536-6222), NY ( 212/949-9898), or TX ( 713/527-8919). Internet: www.colombiaemb.org

COMOROS ISLANDS – *Passport and onward/return ticket required. For specific requirements, consult the Federal and Islamic Republic of Comoros, 336 East 45th St., 2nd Floor, New York, NY 10017 ( 212/972-8010).

CONGO, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE (formerly Zaire) – *Passport and visa required. Visa must be obtained before arrival. For specific requirements, consult the Embassy of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, 1800 New Hampshire Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20009 (202/234-7690/1) or Permanent Mission to the U.N., 747 Third Ave., New York, NY 10017.

CONGO, REPUBLIC OF THE – *Passport and visa required. For specific requirements, consult the Embassy of the Republic of the Congo, 4891 Colorado Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20011 ( 202/726-5500).

COOK ISLANDS – *Passport, proof of sufficient funds, and onward/return ticket required. Visa not needed for visit up to 31 days. For longer stays and further information, contact the Consulate for the Cook Islands, Kamehameha Schools, #16, Kapalama Heights, Honolulu, HI 96817 ( 808/847-6377).

COSTA RICA – *Passport and onward/return ticket required. For stays over 90 days, apply for an extension within the first week of visit with Costa Rican Immigration Department and, after 90 days, obtain an exit visa. For more information, contact the Consular Section of the Embassy of Costa Rica, 2112 S St. NW, Washington, DC 20008 ( 202/234-2945) or nearest Consulate General: CA ( 415/392-8488), GA ( 404/951-7025), FL ( 305/371-7485), IL ( 312/263-2772), LA ( 504/887-8131), NY ( 212/425-2620) or TX ( 713/266-1527). Internet: costarica-embassy.org

CÔTE D’IVÓIRE (Ivory Coast) – *Passport required. For specific requirements, consult the Embassy of the Republic of Côte D’Ivóire, 2424 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 ( 202/797-0300) or Honorary Consulate: CA ( 415/391-0176).

CROATIA – *Passport required. Visa not required for tourist/business stay of up to 90 days. For stays over 90 days, a visa is required and should be obtained in advance. For additional information, consult the Embassy of Croatia, 2343 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 ( 202/588-8933), or the nearest Consulate General in Chicago ( 312/482-9902), Los Angeles ( 310/477-1009) or New York ( 212/599-3066). Internet: www.croatiaemb.org

CUBA – *Passport and visa required. For specific requirements, consult the Cuban Interests Section, 2630 16th St., NW, Washington, DC 20009 ( 202/797-8518). AIDS test required for those staying longer than 90 days. Attention: U.S. citizens need a U.S. Treasury Department license in order to engage in any transactions related to travel to and within Cuba (this includes the use of U.S. currency). Before planning any travel to Cuba, U.S. citizens should contact the Licensing Division, Office of Foreign Assets Control, U.S. Department of Treasury, ( 202/622-2480) or www.treas.gov/ofac.

CURACAO – (See Netherlands Antilles.)

CYPRUS – *Passport and round-trip ticket required. Visa not required for tourist/business stay of up to 3 months. For employment and other travel, work permit required and must be obtained in advance. AIDS test required for work or study permits (test is part of a medical examination). For additional information, consult Embassy of the Republic of Cyprus, 2211 R St., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/462-5772) or the Consulate General in New York (212/686-6016) or the nearest Honorary Consulate: AR (602/264-9701), CA (310/397-0771), GA (770/941-3760), IL (847/698-5500), LA (504/568-9300), MA (617/497-0219), MI (313/582-1411), NC (910/353-2115 ext. 1389), OR (503/248-0500), PA (215/728-6980), TX (713/465-2091), VA (757/481-3583), or WA (425/827-1700).

CZECH REPUBLIC – *Passport required. Visa not required for business and tourist stay of up to 90 days. For specific requirements, consult the Embassy of the Czech Republic, 3900 Spring of Freedom St., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/274-9123) or the nearest Consulate General: Los Angeles, CA (310/473-0889) or New York, NY (212/717-5643). Internet: www.mzv.cz/washington

DENMARK (including GREENLAND) – *Passport required. Visa not required for a stay of up to 90 days. (**90-day period begins when entering Schengen countries.) Special rules apply for entry into the U.S.-operated defense area in Greenland. For further information, contact the Royal Danish Embassy, 3200 Whitehaven St., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/234-4300) or Consulate General, New York (212/223-4545). Internet: www.denmark.org

DJIBOUTI – *Passport and visa required. Visas must be obtained prior to arrival. For specific requirements, consult the Embassy of the Republic of Djibouti, 1156 15th St., NW, Suite 515, Washington, DC 20005 (202/331-0270) or the Djibouti Mission to the U.N., 866 United Nations Plaza, Suite 4011, New York, NY 10017 (212/753-3163).

DOMINICA – Passport is strongly recommended, but tourists may enter with proof of citizenship and photo ID for tourist stay of up to 21 days. For more information, consult Consulate of the Commonwealth of Dominica, 3216 New Mexico Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20016 (202/364-6781) or the Consulate of Commonwealth of Dominica at 800 Second Avenue, Suite 400H, New York, NY 10017 (202/599-8478).

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC – Passport is strongly recommended, but tourists may enter with birth certificate and photo ID. A tourist card is required. Minors, under 18 years of age, traveling alone, with only one parent, or a third party must present written authorization by the absent parent(s) or legal guardian. This authorization must be notarized at a Dominican Consulate. AIDS test required for residence permit. U.S. test not accepted. For specific requirements, consult the Embassy of the Dominican Republic, 1715 22nd St., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/332-6280) or nearest Consulate General: AL (334/342-5648), CA (510/864-7777), FL (305/375-9537 or 904/346-0909), HI (808/396-5702), GA (404/572-4814), IL (847/441-1831), LA (504/522-1843), MD (410/560-2101), MA (617/482-8121), MI (248/559-0684), MN (612/339-7566), NY (212/768-2480), PA (215/923-3006), PR (787/833-4756 or 725-9550), or TX (713/266-0165 or 512/224-1345). Internet: www.domrep.org

EAST TIMOR – *Passport required. Upon arrival, visa will need to be obtained for a fee. Visa is valid for 30 days, renewable in 30-day increments with additional fee. No other information was available at the time this publication went to press. Internet: www.usembassyjakarta.org/consular/dili.html

ECUADOR (including the Galapagos Islands) – *Passport required. Visa not required for a stay of up to 90 days. For information concerning longer stays or other types of travel, contact the Embassy of Ecuador, 2535 15th St., NW, Washington, DC 20009 (202/234-7166) or nearest Consulate General: CA (323/658-6020 or 415/957-5921/22), FL (305/539-8214/15), IL (312/329-0266), LA (504/523-3229), MA (617/738-9465/68), NJ (201/985-2959/60), NY (212/808-0211/12), or TX (713/572-8731).

EGYPT – *Passport and visa required. AIDS test required for study and work permits. For specific requirements, consult the Embassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt, 3521 International Court, NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/895-5400) or nearest Consulate General: CA (415/346-9700), IL (312/828-9162), NY (212/759-7120), or TX (713/961-4915).

EL SALVADOR – *Passport and one-entry tourist card are required. The tourist card may be obtained from immigration officials for a $10 fee upon arrival in country. An exit tax of $27.15 must be paid, either in Salvadoran colones or U.S. dollars. AIDS test required for multiple-entry visas and residency permits. U.S. test not accepted. For more information, consult the Embassy of El Salvador, 1724 20th St NW, Suite 1007, 20036 (202/331-4032) or nearest Consulate: CA (213/383-5776, 415/781-7924 or 714/542-3250), FL (305/371-8850), LA (504/522-4266), MA (617/577-9111), NY (212/889-3608) or TX (713/270-6239 or 214/637-1018). Internet: www.elsalvador.org

ENGLAND – (See United Kingdom.)

EQUATORIAL GUINEA – *Passport and yellow fever vaccination required. For more details, contact the Embassy of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, 2020 16th St., NW, Washington DC 20009 (202/518-5700).

ERITREA – *Passport, proof of onward/return ticket, and visa required. Tourist visa requires 1 application, 1 photo, $25 fee (no personal checks), and proof of sufficient funds. Business visa requires company letter stating purpose of travel. Allow 3 working days for processing. Include SASE for return of passport by mail. Exit tax must be paid before leaving Eritrea. For more information, contact the Embassy of Eritrea, 1708 New Hampshire Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20009, (202/319-1991).

ESTONIA – *Passport required. Visas are not required for stays of up to 90 days. Longer stays require a residency permit. For further information, contact the Estonian Embassy, temporarily located at 1730 M St., NW, Suite 503, Washington, DC 20036, (202/588-0101) or the Consulate General of Estonia, 600 Third Ave., 26th Floor, New York, NY 10016 (212/883-0636). Internet: www.estemb.org

ETHIOPIA – *Passport and visa required. Exit visas are required of all visitors remaining in Ethiopia for more than 30 days. For longer stays and other information, contact the Embassy of Ethiopia, 3506 International Dr., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/364-1200). Internet: www.ethiopianembassy.org

FIJI – *Passport, proof of sufficient funds, and onward/return ticket required. Visa not required for stay of up to 4 months. All visitors over age 12 are required to pay $25 departure tax (tax must be paid in Fijian currency). For further information, contact the Embassy of the Republic of the Fiji Islands, 2233 Wisconsin Ave., NW, #240, Washington, DC 20007 (202/337-8320). Internet: www.bulafiji.com/

FINLAND – *Passport required. Tourist/business visa not required for stay of up to 90 days. (**90-day period begins when entering Schengen countries.) (For longer stays (e.g., employment, studies) residence/work permits required. Contact the Embassy of Finland, 3301 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/298-5800), or nearest Consulate General: Los Angeles (310/203-9903) or New York (212/750-4400). Internet: www.finland.org

FRANCE – *Passport required. Visa not required for tourist/business stay of up to 90 days in France, Andorra, Monaco, and Corsica, and 1 month in French Polynesia. (**90-day period begins when entering Schengen countries.) For further information, contact the Consulate General of France, 4101 Reservoir Rd., NW, Washington, DC 20007 (202/944-6200) or nearest Consulate: CA (310/235-3200) or 415/397-4330), FL (305/372-9799), GA (404/495-1660), IL (312/787-5359), LA (504/523-5772), MA (617/542-7374), NY (212/606-3644) or TX (713/572-2799). Internet: www.info-france-usa.org

FRENCH GUIANA – *Passport required. Visa not required for tourist/business stays of up to 3 months. For further information, contact the Consulate General of France, 4101 Reservoir Rd., NW, Washington, DC 20007 (202/944-6200). Internet: www.consulfrance-washington.org

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FRENCH POLYNESIA – (includes Society Islands, French Southern and Antarctic Lands, Tuamotu, Gambier, French Austral, Marquesas, Kerguelen, Crozet, New Caledonia, Tahiti, Wallis and Furtuna Islands.) *Passport required. Visa not required for visit of up to 1 month. For further information, contact the Consulate General of France (202/944-6200). Internet: www.consulfrance- washington.org

GABON – *Passport and visa required. Visa, for a stay of up to 4 months, requires 2 application forms, 2 photos, vaccination certificate for yellow fever, letter from sponsor or hotel in Gabon, and $60 fee. Business visas also require a company letter. For longer stays and other information call Embassy of the Gabonese Republic, 2034 20th St., Suite 200, NW, Washington, DC 20009 (202/797-1000 or 1021) or the Permanent Mission of the Gabonese Republic to the UN, 18 East 41st St., 6th Floor, New York, NY 10017 (212/686-9720).

GALAPAGOS ISLANDS – (See Ecuador.)

GAMBIA, THE – *Passport and visa required. Tourist/business visa for a stay of up to 1 year requires 1 application, 1 photo, and $45 fee (money order only). For business visa, you also need a company letter stating purpose of visit and itinerary. Allow at least 2 weeks for processing. Include prepaid envelope for return of passport by mail. Apply Embassy of the Gambia, 1155 15th St., NW, Suite 905, Washington, DC 20005 (202/785-1399) or Permanent Mission of The Gambia to the U.N., 820 2nd Ave., 9th floor, New York, NY 10017 (212/949-6640).

GEORGIA – *Passport and visa required. Visa requires original passport (not a photo copy), 1 application, 1 photo, and appropriate fee ($40 to $105 for single/double entry). Multiple-entry visas require a fee of $130 (6 months) or $200 (one year). Please provide SASE or prepaid air bill for return of documents. Processing time generally takes 5-14 business days for single/double entry visas or 45 days for multiple entry visas. AIDS test required for persons staying longer than 1 month. Upon arrival, travelers must fill out customs declaration form. Upon departure, this form must be presented to customs officials. For additional information, contact the Embassy of the Republic of Georgia, 1615 New Hampshire Ave., NW, Suite 300, Washington, DC 20009 (202/387-9150). Internet: www.georgiaemb.org

GERMANY – *Passport required. Tourist/business visa not required for stay of up to 90 days. (**90-day period begins when entering Schengen countries.) For longer stays, obtain temporary residence permit upon arrival. Applicants for residence permits staying over 90 days may be asked to undergo a medical examination. Every foreign national entering Germany is required to provide proof of sufficient health insurance and funds. For further information, contact the Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany, 4645 Reservoir Rd., NW, Washington, DC 20007 (202/298-4393) or nearest Consulate General: CA (323/930-2703/09 or 415/775-1061), FL (305/358-0290/91), GA (404/659-4760), IL (312/580-1199), MA (617/536-4414), NY (212/610-9700) or TX (713/627-7770). Internet: www.germany-info.org

GHANA – *Passport and visa required. Tourist visa required for stay of up to 30 days (extendible). Visa requires 4 application forms, 4 recent photos (taken not more 3 months before date of application), proof of sufficient funds, onward/return ticket, and appropriate fee (singe-entry $50; multiple-entry $80). For additional information, contact the Embassy of Ghana, 3512 International Drive, NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/686-4520) or Consulate General, 19 East 47th St., New York, NY 10017 (212/832-1300). Internet: www.ghana-embassy.org

GIBRALTAR – *Passport required. Visa not required for tourist stay of up to 90 days. For further information, consult the British Embassy (202/588-7800). Internet: www.britainusa.com

GILBERT ISLANDS – (See Kiribati.)

GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND – (See United Kingdom.)

GREECE – *Passport required. Visa not required for tourist/business stay of up to 90 days. (**90-day period begins when entering Schengen countries). For additional information consult the consular section of the Embassy of Greece, 2211 Massachusetts Ave. NW, Washington D.C. 20008 (202-939-1333) or nearest Greek Consulate: CA (310/826-5555 OR 415/775-2102/4) GA (404/261-3313), IL (312/335-3915 or 17), LA (504/523-1167), MA (617/523-0100), NY (212/988-5500) or (713/840-7522). Internet: www.greekembassy.org

GREENLAND – (See Denmark.)

GRENADA – Passport is recommended, but tourists may enter with birth certificate and photo ID. Visa not required for tourist stay of up to 3 months, may be extended to maximum of 6 months. For additional information, consult Consulate General of Grenada, 1701 New Hampshire Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20009 (202/265-2561) or Permanent Mission of Grenada to the U.N. (212/599-0301).

GUADELOUPE – (See West Indies, French.)

GUATEMALA – *Passport required for a stay of up to 90 days. For travel by minors and general information, contact the Embassy of Guatemala, 2220 R St., NW, Washington, DC 20008-4081 (202/745-4952), or nearest Consulate: CA (213/365-9251 or 415/788-5651), FL (305/443-4828), IL (312/332-3170), NY (212/686-3837) or TX (713/953-9531). Internet: www.guatemala-embassy.org

GUIANA, FRENCH – (See French Guiana.)

GUINEA – *Passport and visa required. Tourist/business visa for a stay of up to 6 months requires 3 application forms, 3 photos, onward/return ticket, letter-of-purpose, International Vaccination record showing current yellow fever vaccination, and $45 fee (cash or money order only). Provide SASE for return of passport by mail. For more information, contact the Embassy of the Republic of Guinea, 2112 Leroy Pl., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/986-4300).

GUINEA-BISSAU – *Passport, onward/return ticket, and visa required. Visa must be obtained in advance. The Embassy of the Republic of Guinea-Bissau is closed. Those needing visas should call Guinea-Bissau’s representative in the U.S. (301/947-3958).

GUYANA – *Passport and onward/return ticket required. Upon arrival, visa granted for 30-day stay. Extensions may be obtained. Travelers for purposes other than tourism should consult the Embassy of Guyana for additional requirements, 2490 Tracy Pl., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/265-6900/03) or Consulate General, 370 7 th Avenue, Room 402, NY 10001 (212/947-5110/5111). Internet: www.guyana.org or www.guyanaca.com

HAITI – *Passport required. Visa not required for tourist/business stay of up to 90 days. For further information, consult the Embassy of Haiti, 2311 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/332-4090) or nearest Consulate: FL (305/859-2003), MA (617/266-3660), NY (212/697-9767), PR (809/764-1392), or IL (312/922-4004). Internet: www.haiti.org

HOLY SEE, VATICAN CITY STATE – *Passport required for entry into Italy. (See entry requirements under “ITALY.”) For further information, consult: Apostolic Nunciature, 3339 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/333-7121).

HONDURAS – *Passport and onward/return ticket required. Visa not required for a stay of up to 90 days; holders of U.S. passports are issued a 30-day permit, which can be renewed every 30 days for up to a maximum 90-day stay. Departure tax US $30. For additional information, contact the Consular Section of the Embassy of Honduras, 2nd Floor, 1528 K St., NW, Washington, DC 20006 (202/737-2972/78), or nearest Consulate General: CA (213/383-9244 and 415/392-0076), FL (305/447-8927), IL (773/342-8281), LA (504/522-3118), NY (212/269-3611) or TX (713/622-7911). Internet: http://www.hondurasemb.org

HONG KONG, SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGION – *Passport and onward/return transportation by sea/air required. Visa not required for tourist/business stay of up to 90 days. Confirmed hotel and flight reservations recommended during peak travel months. Departure tax is 80 Hong Kong dollars (approx. $10.30) and airport security tax 33 HK dollars (approx. $4.29) paid at airport. Visa required for work or study. For other types of travel, consult the Visa Section of the Embassy of the People’s Republic of China, 2300 Connecticut Ave., NW, Washington, DC (202/328-2500). Internet: www.china-embassy.org

HUNGARY – *Passport, onward/return ticket, and proof of sufficient funds required. Visa not required for stay of up to 90 days. AIDS test required for persons staying longer than 1 year. For longer stays and employment, visas must be obtained before you travel. For more information check with the Embassy of the Republic of Hungary, 3910 Shoemaker St., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/362-6730), or the nearest Consulate General: New York (212/752-0661) or Los Angeles (310/473-9344). Internet: www.hungaryemb.org

ICELAND – *Passport required. Visa not required for stay of up to 90 days. (**90-day period begins when entering Schengen countries.) For additional information, call the Embassy of Iceland, 1156 15th St., NW, Suite 1200, Washington, DC 20005 (202/265-6653-5), or Consulate General in New York (212/593-2700). Internet: www.iceland.org/us

INDIA – *Passport and visa required. Tourist visas require 1 application form, 2 photos, proof of sufficient funds, onward/return ticket, and $150 fee. Visa must be obtained before arrival. Include prepaid envelope for return of passport by certified mail. AIDS test required for all students and anyone over 18 staying 1 year or more; U.S. test from well-known lab accepted. For information about business visas and other requirements, consult the Embassy of India, 2536 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/939-9806/9899) or nearest Consulate General: Chicago (312/595-0405), Houston (713-626-2355), New York (212/774-0600) or San Francisco (415/668-0683). Internet: www.indianembassy.org/

INDONESIA – *Passport visa required. For more information, consult the Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia, 2020 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20036 (202/775-5200) or nearest Consulate General: CA (213/383-5126 or 415/474-9571), IL (312/595-1777), NY (212/879-0600) or TX (713/785-1691). Internet: www.embassyofindonesia.org/

IRAN, ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF – *Passport and visa required. The United States does not maintain diplomatic or consular relations with Iran. For visa information, contact the Embassy of Pakistan, Iranian Interests Section, 2209 Wisconsin Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20007 (202/965-4990). Internet: www.daftar.org. Attention: U.S. citizens may need a U.S. Treasury Department license in order to engage in any transactions related to travel to and within Iran. Before planning any travel to Iran, U.S. citizens should contact the Licensing Division, Office of Foreign Assets Control, U.S. Department of Treasury, (202/622-2480) or www.treas.gov/ofac. Authorities may confiscate U.S. passports of U.S.-Iranian dual nationals upon arrival. Therefore, the Department of State suggests leaving U.S. passports at the nearest U.S. Embassy or Consulate overseas prior to entering Iran and to use an Iranian passport to enter.

IRAQ – The Iraqi government is currently reviewing entry requirements. For the most current information, consult the Embassy of Iraq, 1801 P. Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036 (202/483-7500). The Embassy of Iraq is open only for limited consular services and cannot issue travel documents at the time this publication went to press.

IRELAND – *Passport required. Tourists are not required to obtain visas for stays less than 90 days, but may be asked to show onward/return ticket. For further information, consult the Embassy of Ireland, 2234 M assachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/462-3939) or nearest Consulate General: CA (415/392-4214), IL (312/337-1868), MA (617/267-9330) or NY (212/319-2555). Internet: www.irelandemb.org

ISRAEL – *Passport, onward/return ticket, and proof of sufficient funds required. Visa not required for tourist or business stay of up to 90 days. Notarized consent from parent(s) required for children traveling alone, with one parent, or in someone else’s custody. Consult the Consular Section of the Embassy of Israel, 3514 International Dr., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/364-5527) or nearest Consulate General: CA (323/852-5500 and 415/844-7500), FL (305/925-9400), GA (404/487-6500), IL (312/297-4800), MA (617/535-0200), NY (212/499-5400), PA (215/546-5556) or TX (713/627-3780). Internet: www.israelemb.org

ITALY – *Passport required. Visa not required for tourist or business stays up to 90 days. (**90-day period begins when entering Schengen countries.) Within eight days upon arrival, visitors are required to register with local police and obtain a permit to stay, regardless of length of visit. Proof of sufficient financial support may be required. For stays longer than 90 days, employment, or study, a visa is required and must be obtained in advance. For additional information, consult the Embassy of Italy, 1601 Fuller St., NW, Washington, DC 20009 (202/328-5500) or nearest Consulate General: CA (310/820-0622 or 415/931-4924), FL (305/374-6322), TX (713/850-7520/1), IL (312/467-1550/1), MA (617/542-0483/4), MI (313/963-8560), NY (212/737-9100), PA (215/592-7329) or TX (713/850-7520). Internet: www.italyemb.org

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IVORY COAST – (See Côte d’Ivóire.)

JAMAICA – Passport or original birth or naturalization certificate and valid driver’s license or state-issued photo ID, onward or return ticket, and proof of sufficient funds required. For business or study, a visa must be obtained in advance for $100 fee. Departure tax $17 (sometimes included in airline ticket, otherwise, paid at airport). Check information with Embassy of Jamaica, 1520 New Hampshire Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20036 (202/452-0660) or nearest Consulate in New York (212/935-9000) or Miami (305/374-8431). Internet: www.congenjamaica-ny.org

JAPAN – *Passport and onward/return ticket required. Visa not required for tourist/commercial business stay of up to 90 days. For specific information, consult the Embassy of Japan, 2520 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/238-6800) or nearest Consulate General: AK (907/762-8424), CA (213/617-6700 or 415/777-3533), CO (303/5341151), FL (305/530-9090), GA (404/240-4300), Guam (671/646-1290), HI (808/543-3111), IL (312/280-0400), LA (504/529-2101), MA (617/973-9772), MI (313/567-0120), MO (816/471-0111), NY (212/371-8222), OR (503/221-1811), COMMONWEALTH OF THE NORTH MARIANA ISLANDS (670/323-7201), TX (713/652-2977) or WA (206/682-9107). Internet: www.us.emb-japan.go.jp

JORDAN – *Passport and visa required. Visitors may obtain a visa for Jordan, for a fee, at most international ports of entry upon arrival except at the King Hussein/Allenby Bridge. For further information, travelers may contact the Embassy of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, 3504 International Drive, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20008, telephone (202) 966-2664, or nearest Consulate General: CA (415/546-1155), MI (248-/557-4377), NY (212/832-0119), or TX (713/224-2911). Internet: www.jordanembassyus.org

KAZAKHSTAN – *Passport, onward/return ticket, and visa required. All visitors who plan to stay more than 30 days must also present to the Office of Visas and Registration (OVIR) within 30 days of arrival a certificate indicating a negative HIV test conducted no more than 1 month before registration. Foreigners, staying more than 5 days, must register with the local OVIR office within that same time period. For additional information, contact the Embassy of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 1401 16th St., NW, Washington, DC 20036 (202/232-5488) or their Consulate, 866 UN Plaza, Suite 586 A, New York, NY 10017 (212/888-3024). Internet: www.kazconsulny.org.

KENYA – *Passport, visa, and onward/return ticket required. Visas should be obtained in advance, although airport visas are available. Travelers who opt to obtain an airport visa should expect delays upon arrival. Evidence of yellow fever immunization may be requested. Tourist visas require 1 application form, 2 photos, onward/return ticket, and $50 fee (money order or cashier’s check only). Multiple-entry visas require a $100 fee (money order or cashier’s check only). Airport departure tax is $20. For additional information, consult the Embassy of Kenya, 2249 R St., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/387-6101). Internet: www.kenyaembassy.com

KIRIBATI (formerly Gilbert Islands) – *Passport, onward/return ticket, proof of sufficient funds, and visa required. Visa requires 1 application form and a visa fee of $25 for a single-entry visa or $40 for a multiple-entry visa. For more information, contact the Consulate of the Republic of Kiribati, 95 Nakolo Place, Room 265, Honolulu, HI 96819 (808/834-7604).

KOREA, DEMOCRATIC PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF (North Korea) – *Passport and visa required. The United States currently does not maintain diplomatic or consular relations with North Korea. For visa information contact, the Permanent Representative of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to the United Nations, 820 Second Ave., New York, New York 10017 (212/972-3105). Attention: U.S. citizens may need a U.S. Treasury Department license in order to engage in any transactions related to travel to and within North Korea. Before planning any travel to North Korea, U.S. citizens should contact the Licensing Division, Office of Foreign Assets Control, U.S. Department of the Treasury, (202/622-2480) or www.treas.gov/ofac. U.S. citizens without a valid U.S. passport and visa may be arrested, fined, or denied entry. As most travelers enter from China, travelers may need to obtain a two-entry visa for China. The visa is essential for departing from North Korea at the end of a visit or in an emergency.

KOREA, REPUBLIC OF (South Korea) – *Passport and onward/return ticket required. A visa is not required for a tourist stay of up to 30 days. For longer stays and other types of travel, obtain a visa in advance, $45 fee. AIDS test required for persons working as entertainers and staying longer than 90 days; U.S. tests results accepted. For further information, check with the Consular Section of the Embassy of the Republic of Korea, 2320 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/939-5663 or 60) or nearest Consulate General: CA (213/385-9300 and 415/921-2251/3), GA (404/522-1611/3), Guam (671/472-6488), HI (808/595-6109), IL (312/822-9485), MA (617/641-2830), NY (212/674-6000), TX (713/961-0186) or WA (206/441-1011/4). Internet: www.koreaembassyusa.org

KUWAIT – *Passport and visa required. Visa issued at port of entry, $12 fee. AIDS test required for residency and work permits; U.S. test results accepted. For further information, contact the Embassy of the State of Kuwait, 2940 Tilden St., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/966-0702) or Consulate, 321 East 44th St., New York, NY 10017 (212/973-4318). Internet: www.kuwait-info.org

KYRGYZ REPUBLIC (informally known as Kyrgyzstan) – *Passport and visa required. Visa requires 1 application form, 1 photo, detailed letter of invitation, and appropriate fee ($25-$200). Visa and processing fees vary depending upon duration of stay and processing time requested. Include SASE for return of passport by mail (or proper fee for express mail service). AIDS test required for persons staying longer than 1 month; U.S. test results accepted. For additional information and fees, contact the Embassy of the Kyrgyz Republic, 1732 Wisconsin Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20007 (202/338-5143). Internet: www.kyrgyzstan.org

LAOS – *Passport and visa required. Visa requires $30 fee, 1 application form, 1 photo, onward/return ticket, and sufficient funds. Tourist visas can be obtained upon arrival at certain entry points or before departure from the Lao Embassy. Visa available for a stay of up to 15 days, extendable. For business visas and more information, check with the Consular Section of the Embassy of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 2222 S St., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/667-0076). Internet: www.visit-laos.com

LATVIA – *Passport required. Visa not required for a stay of up to 90 days. AIDS test required for persons seeking residency permits; U.S. tests results accepted. For specific requirements, contact the Embassy of Latvia, 4325 17th St., NW, Washington, DC 20011 (202/726-8213). Internet: www.latvia-usa.org

LEBANON – *Passport and visa required. U.S. citizens staying no longer than 1 month (extendible up to 3 months) can obtain their visa upon arrival in Lebanon, $35 fee. For longer stays, visa must be obtained in advance from the Lebanese Embassy or Consulate. Visa requires 1 application form, 2 photos, and cover letter detailing purpose of visit and contacts in Lebanon. Fee for single-entry visa is $35 and $70 for a multiple-entry visa. Fee must be paid by money order payable to the Embassy of Lebanon. Business visa requires company letter stating purpose of travel. AIDS test required for those seeking residence permits; U.S. test is accepted. Minors need authorization from both parents (a notarized parental consent form/letter) to enter Lebanon. Note: All visa applicants holding an Israeli visa on their passport at time of applying for visa or arrival in Lebanon will not be granted a visa and/or be admitted to Lebanon without the prior approval of the Lebanese Immigration Authorities. For further visa information, contact the Embassy of Lebanon, 2560 28th St., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/939-6300) or nearest Consulate General: Los Angeles (323/467-1253), Detroit (313/567-0233), or New York (212/744-7905). Internet: www.lebanonembassyus.org

LEEWARD ISLANDS – (See Virgin Islands, British.)

LESOTHO – *Passport, onward/return ticket, and proof of sufficient funds required. Visa not required for a stay of up to 30 days. For more information, check with the Embassy of the Kingdom of Lesotho, 2511 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/797-5533).

LIBERIA – *Passport, visa, and evidence of a yellow fever vaccination required. Travelers must obtain visas before arrival. There is a $100 (U.S.) airport tax on departing passengers. Immigration officials at the airport may authorize permits for a 48-hour stay only. Those wishing to stay longer must go to the Central Bureau of Immigration. The Central Bureau issues permits for stays up to three months; there is a $25 fee. Obtain exit permit from immigration authorities upon arrival, 1 photo required. For specific requirements, call the Embassy of the Republic of Liberia, 5201 16th St., NW, Washington, DC 20011 (202/723-0437). Internet: www.liberiaemb.org

LIBYA – *Passport and visa required. Restrictions on the use of a U.S. passport for travel to, in, or through Libya have been lifted as of February 2004. Visa applications and inquiries may be made through the Libyan Mission to the United Nations in New York, (202/752-5775). Within 3 days of arrival, visitors must register at the police station nearest where they will be residing. Attention: U.S. citizens need a U.S. Treasury Dept. license in order to engage in any transactions related to travel to and within Libya. Before planning any travel to Libya, U.S. citizens should contact the Licensing Division, Office of Foreign Assets Control, U.S. Department of Treasury, (202/622-2480) or www.treas.gov/ofac

LIECHTENSTEIN – *Passport required. Visa not required for tourist/business stay of up to 90 days. For further information, contact the Embassy of the Principality of Liechtenstein, 1300 Eye St., NW Suite 550W, Washington, DC 20005 (202/215-0460) or the Embassy of Switzerland, 2900 Cathedral Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/745-7900) or the nearest Swiss Consulate General: CA (310/575-1145 or 415/788-2272), GA (404/870-2000), IL (312/915-0061), NY (212/599-5700), or TX (713/650-0000). Internet: www.swissemb.org

LITHUANIA – *Passport required. Visa not required for tourist/business stay of up to 90 days. For longer stays, (e.g. employment, research, study, training) obtain temporary residence permit before arrival (processing time of the application for the first temporary residence permit is up to 6 months). For further information, contact the Embassy of Lithuania, 2622 16th St., NW, Washington, DC 20009 (202/234-5860) or the nearest Consulate General: New York, 420 Fifth Ave., New York, NY 10018 (212/354-7849) or Chicago, 211 East Ontario St., Suite 1500, Chicago, IL (312/397-0382). Internet: www.ltembassyus.org

LUXEMBOURG – *Passport required. Visa not required for tourist/business stay of up to 90 days. (**90-day period begins when entering Schengen countries.) For additional information, contact the Embassy of Luxembourg, 2200 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/265-4171) or the nearest Consulate: San Francisco (415/788-0816) or New York (212/888-6664).

MACAU, SPECIAL ADMINISTRATIVE REGION – *Passport required. Visa not required for visits of up to 30 days. For further information, consult the Visa Section of the Chinese Embassy, 2201 Wisconsin Ave., NW, Room 110, Washington, DC 20007 (202/338-6688) or the nearest Chinese Consulate General: Chicago (312/803-0098), Houston (713/524-4311), Los Angeles (213/807-8018), New York (212/330-7409) or San Francisco (415/563-4857), or the Macau Tourist Information Bureau, Suite 2R, 77 Seventh Ave., New York, N.Y. 10011, (212/206-6828). Internet: www.macau.gov.mo

MACEDONIA – *Passport required. Visa not required for tourist/business stay of up to 90 days. For more information, check with the Embassy of the Republic of Macedonia, 1101 30th St., NW, Suite 302, Washington, DC 20007 (202/337-3063) or the Consulate General, 866 United Nations Plaza, Suite 4018, New York, NY 10017 (212/317-1727).

MADAGASCAR, REPUBLIC OF – *Passport and visa required. Visa allows entry to Madagascar within 6 months from the date of issuance. Short-term visas valid for single-entry up to 90 days, $33.45; or multiple entries, $39.01 (no personal checks). Requires 1 application form, 1 photo, proof of onward/return transportation, and sufficient funds for stay. For business visa, the aforementioned is required, including company letter. Include a prepaid envelope for return of passport by registered mail. For longer stays and additional information, contact the Embassy of Madagascar, 2374 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/265-5525/6) or the nearest Consulate: PA (610/640-7832) or CA (858/792-6999). Internet: http://www.embassy.org/madagascar

MALAWI – *Passport required. Thirty-day visa, which can be extended up to an additional 60 days, issued at point of entry. There is a $30 airport departure tax (payable only in U.S. dollars). For further information, contact the Embassy of Malawi, 2408 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/721-0274) or Malawi Mission to the U.N., 600 3rd Ave., New York, NY 10016 (212/949-0180).

MALAYSIA – *Passport required. Visa not required for stay of up to 3 months. Medical exam required for work permits. U.S. test sometimes accepted. For entry of pets or other types of visits, consult the Embassy of Malaysia, 3516 International Court, NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/328-2700) or nearest Consulate: Los Angeles (213/892-1238) or New York (212/490-2722). Internet: www.imi.gov.my/visaform47.htm

MALDIVES – *Passport required. Tourist visa issued upon arrival for 30 days validity, no charge (for stays longer than 30 days, you must apply at the immigration office in Maldives). Visitors must have proof of hotel reservations, onward/return transportation, and sufficient funds. Check with the Maldives Mission to the U.N. in New York (212/599-6195) for further information.

MALI – *Passport and visa required. Obtain visa in advance. Tourist/business single-entry visa for stay of up to 3 months, extendable after arrival, requires $80 fee (cash or money order), 2 application forms, 2 photos, and proof of onward/return transportation. For business travel, must have company letter stating purpose of trip. Send SASE for return of passport if applying by mail and/or appropriate express mail fees. Apply at the Embassy of the Republic of Mali, 2130 R St., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/332-2249). Internet: www.maliembassy-usa.org

MALTA – *Passport required. Visa not required for stay of up to 90 days (extension must be applied for prior to end of 90-day period or expiration of original visa while in Malta), except for the residents of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. Residents of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands need a visa. Visa requires 1 application form, 2 photos, proof of onward/return ticket, and $40 fee (check or money order). Transit visa available for $30 fee (fees are non-refundable). For additional information, consult the Embassy of Malta, 2017 Conn. Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/462-3611/2) or nearest Consulate: CA (415/468-4321), MI (313/525-9777), MO (816/833-0033), MN (612/228-0935), NY (212/725-2345), PA (610/664-7475), or TX (713/428-7800 or 214/777-4463).

MARSHALL ISLANDS, REPUBLIC OF THE – Passport, sufficient funds for stay, and onward/return ticket required for stay of up to 30 days (extendible up to 90 days from date of entry). Departure fee $20. Health certificate required if arriving from infected areas. AIDS test may be required for visits over 30 days, U.S. test accepted. Check information with the Embassy of the Marshall Islands, 2433 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/234-5414) or Permanent Mission to the U.N., 220 East 42nd St., New York, NY 10017 (212/983-3040) or the Consulate General in Hawaii (808/545-7767). Internet: www.rmiembassyus.org

MARTINIQUE – (See West Indies, French.)

MAURITANIA – *Passport, visa, and proof of yellow fever vaccination required. For specific information, contact the Embassy of the Republic of Mauritania, 2129 Leroy Pl., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/232-5700).

MAURITIUS – *Passport, sufficient funds for stay, confirmation from hotel, and onward/return ticket required. Visas are issued at ports of entry. For further information, consult the Embassy of Mauritius, Suite 441, 4301 Connecticut Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/244-1491/2) or an Honorary Consulate: CA (310/557-2009 and 415/693-9233) or AZ (623/876-2718).

MAYOTTE ISLAND – (See France.)

MEXICO – *Proof of citizenship and photo ID. Tourist card is required. Tourist card valid 3 months for single-entry up to 180 days, $20 fee, requires proof of U.S. citizenship, photo ID, and proof of sufficient funds. Visa not required of U.S. citizens for tourist/transit stay of up to 30 days. Obtain tourist cards in advance from Consulate, Tourism Office, and most airlines serving Mexico upon arrival. Departure tax $10 is paid at airport when not included in the cost of the airline ticket. Notarized consent from parent(s) required for children under age 18 traveling alone, with one parent, or in someone else’s custody. For details and information on other types of travel, check with the Embassy of Mexico, 1911 Pennsylvania Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20006 (202/736-1000) or nearest Consulate General: AZ (602/242-7398), CA (213/351-6800, 415/392-5554 and 619/231-8414), CO (303/331-1110), FL (305/716-4977), GA (404/266-1913), IL (312/855-1380), LA (504/522-3596), NY (212/689-0460), PR (809/764-0258) or TX (210/227-1085, 214/630-7341, 713/542-2300, 512/478-9031 and 915/533-4082). Internet: http://embassyofmexico.org

MICRONESIA, FEDERATED STATES OF (Chuuk, Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap) – Proof of U.S. citizenship, sufficient funds, and onward/return ticket required for tourist visit up to 30 days, extendible (up to 1 year from date of entry) after arrival in Micronesia. Entry permit is needed for other types of travel; obtain forms from airline. Departure fee for Chuuk, Kosrae, and Pohnpei is $10 (U.S.), and $5 (U.S.) for Yap. Health certificate may be required if traveling from infected area. AIDS test required if staying over 90 days; U.S. test is accepted. For further information, contact the Embassy of the Federated States of Micronesia, 1725 N St., NW, Washington, DC 20038 (202/223-4383) or nearest Consulate: Hawaii (808/836-4775) or Guam (671/646-9154). Internet: www.fsmembassy.org

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MIQUELON ISLAND – Passport or proof of U.S. citizenship and official photo ID are sufficient for tourist/business stays of up to 3 months. (Stays from 2 weeks to 3 months require a valid *passport.) A visa is required for stays over 3 months. For further information, consult the Embassy of France (202/944-6000). Internet: www.france-consulat.org.

MOLDOVA – *Passport and visa required. Visa requires 1 application form, 1 photo, and processing fee. Single-entry visa, $40, multiple-entry $50 to $200 (depending upon number of visits), transit visa, single-entry $20, double entry $40. There is an additional $5 visa application fee that must be paid separately. All fees must be paid with company checks or money orders only. No visa fee for children under age 16. AIDS test required for persons staying over 90 days; U.S. tests results sometimes accepted. For additional information consult the Embassy of the Republic of Moldova, 2101 S St., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/667-1130). Internet: www.moldova.org

MONACO – *Passport required. Visa not required for visit up to 90 days. For further information, contact the Consulate General of Monaco at 565 5th Ave., New York, NY 10017 (212/759-5227). Internet: http://www.monaco-consulate.com

MONGOLIA – *Passport required. Visa not required for private business and tourist stays of less than 90 days. Tourist and business travelers may be asked to show letter of invitation or a letter from a Mongolian company, and onward/return ticket. AIDS test required for students and anyone staying longer than 3 months; U.S. test accepted. Visitors planning to stay in Mongolia for more than 1 month are required to register with the Immigration, Naturalization and Foreign Citizens Agency within 7 days of arrival. American visitors who fail to register and stay longer than 30 days may be stopped at departure, denied exit, and fined. For additional information, contact the Embassy of Mongolia, 2833 M St., NW, Washington, DC 20007 (202/333-7117 or the UN Mission of Mongolia, 6 East 77th St., New York, NY 10021 (212/861-9460). Internet: www.mongolianembassy.us

MONTENEGRO – Passport required. Visa not required for stays of up to 90 days. For longer stays, contact the Embassy of Serbia and Montenegro, 2134 Kalorama Road, N.W., Washington, DC 20008 (202/332-0333 ext. 103) or the Consulate General of Serbia and Montenegro, 201 East Ohio St., Suite 200, Chicago, Illinois 60611 (312/670-6707 ext. 108).

MONTSERRAT – (See West Indies, British)

MOROCCO – *Passport required. Visa not required for stays up to 3 months, extendible. For additional information, consult the Embassy of Morocco, 1821 Jefferson Pl., NW, Washington, DC 20036 (202/462-7727) or Consulate General in New York (212/758-2625).

MOZAMBIQUE – *Passport and visa required. Visa must be obtained in advance or tourist visa can be obtained in some borders in Mozambique. Multiple-entry visas valid 3 months from date of issuance, and single- and double-entry visas valid for 2 months, require 1 application form, 2 photos, $20 (single-entry) or $40 (double- or multiple-entry) processing fee for 2 weeks or an additional $20 fee for 3 day service, or additional $50 fee for same day service, and a letter (from company or individual) giving detailed itinerary and address of where visitor is staying. For more information, contact the Embassy of the Republic of Mozambique, Suite 570, 1990 M St., NW, Washington, DC 20036 (202/293-7146). For the residents of New York, please apply at the Mozambique Consulate at 420 East 50th St., New York, NY 10022 (212/644-5965).

MYANMAR (see Burma.)

NAMIBIA – *Passport, onward/return ticket, and proof of sufficient funds required. Visa not required for tourist or business stay of up to 90 days. Person planning to work (this includes unpaid volunteers) in Namibia must obtain work and residency permits and/or visas from the Embassy of Namibia before traveling. Consult the Embassy of Namibia, 1605 New Hampshire Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20009 (202/986-0540) for further information.

NAURU – *Passport, visa, onward/return ticket and sponsorship from a resident in Nauru required. For more information, contact the Nauru Consulate General in Melbourne, Australia (613/9653-5709).

NEPAL – *Passport and visa required. Tourist visas can be purchased upon arrival at Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu and at all other ports of entry. For additional information, contact the Royal Nepalese Embassy, 2131 Leroy Pl., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/667-4550), or Consulate General in New York (212/370-3988). Internet: www.nepalembassyusa.org

NETHERLANDS – *Passport required.  Visa not required for tourist/business visit of up to 90 days.  (**90-day period begins when entering Schengen countries.)  Tourists may be asked to show onward/return ticket, proof of sufficient funds and health insurance coverage, and that there is adequate housing available for length of stay.  Long-term visitors must register with the local police within 8 days of arrival.  (No residency permits granted.) For further information, contact the Royal Netherlands Embassy, 4200 Linnean Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/244-5300) or nearest Consulate General: CA (310/268-1598), FL (786/866-0480), IL (312/856-0110) or NY (212/246-1429).  Internet: www.netherlands-embassy.org

NETHERLANDS ANTILLES – Islands include Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, St. Eustatius and St. Maarten.  Passport or proof of U.S. citizenship (i.e., certified birth certificate or voter registration card with photo ID) required.  Visa not required for tourist/business visit of up to 90 days.  Tourists may be asked to show onward/return ticket or proof of sufficient funds for stay.  Departure tax $20 when leaving Bonaire, $22.50 in Curacao, $25 in Statia, $25 in St. Maarten.  For further information, consult the Royal Netherlands Embassy (202/244-5300), or nearest Consulate General: CA (310/2681598), FL (786/866-0480), IL (312/856-0110) or NY (212/246-1429).  Internet: www.netherlands-embassy.org

NEW CALEDONIA – (See French Polynesia.)

NEW ZEALAND – *Passport and arrival card (to be completed upon arrival) required. Visa not required for tourist or business meeting or consultations stay of up to 3 months, must have onward/return ticket, visa for next destination and proof of sufficient funds. For business or additional information, contact the Embassy of New Zealand, 37 Observatory Circle, NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/328-4800) or the Consulate General in Los Angeles (310/207-1605). Internet: http://www.nzemb.org

NICARAGUA – *Passport, onward/return ticket and entry fee required for a stay of up to 30 days. Airport departure tax $35. For more information, travelers may contact the Consulate of Nicaragua, 1627 New Hampshire Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20009 (202/939-6531 or 32) or the nearest Consulate in CA (213/252-1170 or 415/765-6821), FL (305/220-6900), LA (504/523-1507), NY (212/983-1981), or TX (713/272-9628).

NIGER – *Passport and visa required. Visa must be used within 3 months of issuance. All visa types require 3 application forms, 3 photos, proof of onward/return transportation, and $35.58 (1 month stay) or $88.94 (longer stay) fee. Transit visas required for travelers continuing through Niger. For a tourist visa, the general requirements apply as well as 2 copies of bank statement, certifying the traveler has at least $500 in his/her bank account. For business visas, general requirements apply, plus 1 copy of a letter from the company that is being represented stating the purpose, activities, duration, and source of financial responsibility for the trip. Provide SASE or prepaid air bill for return of documents. For further information and fees, contact the Embassy of the Republic of Niger, 2204 R St., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/483-4224).

NIGERIA – *Passport and visa required. Visa requires 1 application, 1 photo, proof of onward/return transportation, fees (contact the Embassy of Nigeria for appropriate fees), and letter of invitation from Nigeria. Business visa requires letter from counterpart in Nigeria and letter of introduction from U.S. company. For information about visa fees and for other requirements, contact the Embassy of the Republic of Nigeria, 3519 International Court, NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/822-1500 or 1522) or the Consulate General in New York (212/808-0301).

NIUE – *Passport, onward/return ticket, and confirmed hotel accommodations required. Visa not required for stay of up to 30 days. For additional information, consult the Embassy of New Zealand (202/328-4800).

NORFOLK ISLAND – *Passport and visa required. Visa issued upon arrival for visit of up to 30 days, extendible, requires confirmed accommodations and onward/return ticket. Obtain $27 business visa before arrival. Australian transit visa may also be obtained in advance for travel to Norfolk Island. For both visas, consult the Australian Embassy (202/797-3000). Internet addresses: www.austemb.org or www.pitcairners.org

NORWAY – *Passport required. Visa not required for stay of up to 90 days. (**90-day period begins when entering Schengen countries.) No pets. For further information, contact the Royal Norwegian Embassy, 2720 34th St., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/333-6000) or nearest Consulate General: CA (415/986-0766 to 68), FL (305/358-4386), MN (612/332-3338), NY (212/421-7333), or TX (713/521-2900). Internet: www.norway.org

OMAN – *Passport (must be valid for not less than 12 months) and visa required. Tourist/business visas for multiple-entry issued for stay of up to 6 months and valid for 2 years requires $60 fee (cash, cashier’s check, or money order). Single-entry visa requires $36 fee (cash, cashier’s check or money order). Both types of visas require 1 application form and a SASE for return of passport by mail. Proof of yellow fever immunization required if entering from infected area. AIDS test required for work permits. U.S. test not accepted. Allow 1-3 days for processing. For transit and road travel, check with the Embassy of the Sultanate of Oman, 2535 Belmont Rd., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/387-1980, 1981 or 1982).

PAKISTAN – *Passport and visa required. Obtain visa before arrival. Tourist visa requires 1 application form, 2 photos, and proof of onward/return transportation. Validity depends on length of visit, multiple entries, and $120 fee. Business visa requires company letter, invitation, and $180 fee. Include prepaid envelope for return of passport by registered mail. For applications and inquiries in Washington area, contact the Consular Section of the Embassy of Pakistan, 3517 International Court, NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/243-6500), or CA (310/441-5114), or NY (212/879-5800). Internet: www.embassyofpakistan.org

PALAU, THE REPUBLIC OF – Passport or proof of U.S. citizenship with photo, visa, and onward/return ticket required. Visa, issued at airport, requires $50 fee for stays of up to 30 days. Obtain visa forms for entry permit from airline or shipping agent serving Palau. For further information, consult with Representative Office, 1150 18th St., NW, Suite 750, Washington, DC 20036 (202/452-6814).

PANAMA – *Passport or proof of U.S. citizenship and photo ID, tourist card or visa, proof of sufficient funds, and onward/return ticket required. Visa and tourist card valid 30 days. Visa issued at Embassy of Panama or one of the Consulates. Tourist card is available from airline serving Panama for $10 fee. Stay can be extended up to 60 days; apply at the main office of Immigration and Naturalization in Panama. Visa requires 1 application form and 1 photo. Allow 1 working day for processing. Departure tax $20 is paid at airport. AIDS test required for persons adjusting visa status while in Panama. For longer stays and additional information regarding travel other than via a commercial airline, contact the Embassy of Panama, 2862 McGill Terrace, NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/483-1407) or the nearest Consulate: NY (212/840-2450) or PA (215/574-2994).

PAPUA NEW GUINEA – *Passport, visa, onward/return ticket and proof of sufficient funds required. Tourist and business visas for a stay of up to 60 days (extendible) requires 1 application form, 1 photo, letter of invitation, and a $256.25 fee. Business visas also requires letter of invitation from sponsoring company, bio-data, recent annual report of parent company. AIDS and other medical tests required for work and residency permits; U.S. test accepted. Please provide SASE or prepaid air bill for return of documents. For longer stays and further information, contact the Embassy of Papua New Guinea, #805, 1779 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20036 (202/745-3680) or the nearest Honorary Consulate: Los Angeles, CA (760-731-0436) or Houston, TX (713/966-2500). Internet: www.pngembassy.org

PARAGUAY – *Passport and visa are required. For more information, travelers may contact the Paraguayan Embassy at 2400 Massachusetts Avenue N.W., Washington, D.C. 20008, telephone (202/483-6960). Internet: www.embaparusa.gov.py

PERU – *Passport required. Visa not required for tourist stay of up to 90 days, extendible after arrival. Tourists need onward /return ticket. Business visa requires 1 application form, 1 passport photo, company letter and fee of $23 payable by money order or cash only. Further information, contact Consulate General of Peru in Washington DC, 1625 Massachusetts Ave. NW, suite 605, Washington DC 20036 (202-4621081/4/5) or nearest Consulate General: CA (415/362-5185), CO (303/355-8555), CT (860/548-0266), MA (617/338-2227), or NJ (973/278-3324). Internet: www.consuladoperu.com

PHILIPPINES – *Passport and onward/return ticket required. For entry by Manila International Airport, visa not required for transit/tourist stay of up to 21 days. A visa is required for longer stays and business. Visas require 1 application form, 1 photo, onward/return ticket, and $30 fee for single-entry and $60 or $90 fee for multiple entries. Company letter needed for business visa. A Passenger Service Charge, Php550 pesos (US$11.00), must be paid in Philippine pesos when departing the country from international airports. For more information, contact the Embassy of the Philippines, 1600 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20036 (202/467-9300/9324/9363) or nearest Consulate General: CA (213/639-0980 to 85 and 415/433-6666 or 69), GU (671/646-4620/30), HI (808/595-6316), NY (212/764-1330 or 34), or Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (670/234-1848). Internet: www.philippineembassy.usa.org

POLAND – *Passport and proof of sufficient funds required. Visa not required for tourist/business stay of up to 90 days. Visitors must register at hotel or with local authorities within 48 hours after arrival. For longer stays or more information, contact the Embassy of the Republic of Poland (Consular Division), 2224 Wyoming Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/234-3800) or nearest Consulate General: Chicago, IL, 1530 North Lakeshore Dr., 60610 (312/337-8166), Los Angeles, CA, 12400 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 555, 90025 (310/442-8500 ), o r New York, NY, 233 Madison Ave., 10016 (646/237-2100). Internet: www.polandembassy.org

PORTUGAL – (Includes travel to the Azores and Madeira Islands.) *Passport required. Visa not required for visit up to 90 days. (**90-day period begins when entering Schengen countries.) For travel with pets and other information, consult the Embassy of Portugal, 2310 Tracy Place, NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/332-3007) or the nearest Consulate: CA (415/346-3400), MA (617/536-8740 and 508/997-6151), NJ (973/643-4200), NY (212/221-3165), or RI (401/272-2003). Internet: www.portugalemb.org

QATAR – *Passport and visa required. Visa requires 1 application form, 1 photo, letter of invitation, and $100 application fee. Please provide a SASE for return of passport by mail. AIDS test required for persons seeking residency permits and visitors staying longer than 1 month; U.S. tests results not accepted. For specific information, contact the Embassy of the State of Qatar, Suite 200, 4200 Wisconsin Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20016 (202/274-1603).

REUNION – (See France.)

ROMANIA – *Passport required. Visa not required for a stay of up to 90 days. For stays exceeding 90 days, obtain visa in advance. For more information, contact the Embassy of Romania, 1607 23rd St., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/232-4747) or the nearest Consulate General: New York (212/682-9120) and Los Angeles (310/444-0043). Internet: www.roembus.org

RUSSIA – *Passport and visa required. Tourist visa, valid for 30 days, requires 1 application form, 1 photo, confirmation and voucher from travel agency and/or hotel in Russia, cover letter from travel agency, and processing fee. Business visa requires 1 application, 1 photo, cover letter from your company, and letter of an official invitation from an authorized Russian counterpart and visa-processing fee. Single-entry visa for business/tourist visas are $100 for not less than 6 days, $150 for not less than 3 working days, $200 for next business day, and $300 for same day processing fees. Multiple-entry business visa (needs confirmation through the Russian MFA) processing fee $100 for not less than 6 days, $200 for not less than 3 working days, $250 for next business day, and $350 for same day processing fees. Fees must be paid by money order or cashier’s check only. Provide SASE for return of passport by mail. HIV test certificate required for anyone staying over 3 months. For additional information, contact the Consular Section of the Embassy of Russia, 2641Tunlaw Road, NW, Washington, DC 20007 (202/939-8907 or 8918) or the nearest Consulate General: NY (212/348-0926, 0955, 0626), CA (415/928-6878), or WA (206/728-1910). Internet: www.russianembassy.org

RWANDA – *Passport required. Visa not required for a stay of up to 90 days. Departure tax is $20. For more information, contact the Embassy of the Republic of Rwanda, 1714 New Hampshire Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20009 (202/232-2882), or the Permanent Mission of Rwanda to the U.N., 124 East 39th St., New York, NY 10016 (212/696-0644/45/46), or the nearest Consulate General in Chicago (708/205-1188), or Denver (303/321-2400).

SAINT KITTS AND NEVIS – Passport or proof of U.S. citizenship, photo ID, and onward/return ticket required for stay of up to 3 months. AIDS test required for persons seeking residency/study/work permits; U.S. tests results sometimes accepted. For further information, consult the Embassy of St. Kitts and Nevis, 3216 New Mexico Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20016 (202/686-2636) or Permanent Mission to the U.N., 414 East 75th St., Fifth Floor, New York, NY 10021 (212/535-1234). Internet: www.stkittsnevis.org

SAINT LUCIA – Passport, visa, and return/onward ticket required. For additional information, contact the Embassy of Saint Lucia, 3216 New Mexico Ave., Washington, DC 20016 (202/364-6792) or Permanent Mission to the U.N., 820 Second Ave., Suite 900E, New York, NY 10017 (212/697-9360).

ST. MARTIN (ST. MAARTEN*) – (See West Indies, French or Netherlands Antilles*.)

ST. PIERRE – Passport or proof of U.S. citizenship and official photo ID sufficient for tourist/business stays of up to 2 weeks. (Stays from 2 weeks to 3 months require a valid passport*.) A visa is required for stays over 3 months. For further information, consult the Embassy of France (202/944-6200). Internet: www.info-france-usa.org

SAINT VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES – Proof of U.S. citizenship, photo ID, and onward/return ticket and/or proof of sufficient funds required for tourist stay of up to 6 months. AIDS test required for persons seeking residency permits; U.S. tests results accepted. For more information, consult the Embassy of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, 3216 New Mexico Ave., Washington, DC 20016 (202/364-6730) or Consulate, 801 Second Ave., 21st Floor, New York, NY 10017 (212/687-4490).

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SAMOA – *Passport and onward/return ticket required. Visa not required for stay of up to 60 days. Departure tax is $30. For longer stays, business travelers, and more information, contact the Independent State of Samoa Mission to the U.N., 820 2nd Ave., Suite 800, New York, NY (212/599-6196) or the Honorary Consul in Hawaii (808/677-7197).

SAN MARINO – *Passport required. Visa not required for tourist stay of up to 90 days. For additional information, contact the nearest Honorary Consulate of the Republic of San Marino: Washington, DC (1899 L St., NW, Suite 500, Washington, DC 20036, 202/223-3517), Detroit (313/528-1190), or New York (516/242-2212).

SÃO TOMÉ AND PRÍNCIPE – *Passport and visa required. Tourist visas for single-entry, of up to 3 months, ($60) or multiple-entry, of up to 6 months, ($70) and business visas for single-entry, of up to 3 months, ($80) or multiple-entry, of up to 6 months, ($90) require 1 application form, 1 photo, and letter stating purpose of travel. Fees are to be paid by money order only. Company letter is required for a business visa. Enclose prepaid envelope or postage for return of passport by FedEx service. Apply at the Permanent Mission of Sao Tome and Principe to the U.N., 400 Park Ave., 7th Floor, New York, NY 10022 (212/317-0533).

SAUDI ARABIA – *Passport and visa required. (Individual tourist visas are not available for travel to Saudi Arabia). Transit visa, valid 72 hours, requires onward/return ticket, 1 application form, and no fee. Business visa, for a stay not to exceed 30 days, requires $54 fee (money order only), 1 application form, 1 photo, company letter stating purpose of visit, invitation from the Foreign Ministry in Saudi Arabia, and SASE for return of passport by mail. Medical report, including AIDS test, required for work permits; U.S. test results sometimes accepted. Visitors must obtain meningitis vaccination prior to arrival. For details and requirements for family visits and religious travel, contact the Royal Embassy of Saudi Arabia, 601 New Hampshire Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20037 (202/342-3800) or nearest Consulate General: Los Angeles (310/479-6000), New York (212/752-2740), or Houston (713/785-5577). Internet: www.saudiembassy.net

SCOTLAND – (See United Kingdom).

SENEGAL – *Passport and onward/return ticket required. Visa not needed for stay of up to 90 days. For further information, contact the Embassy of the Republic of Senegal, 2112 Wyoming Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/234-0540).

SEYCHELLES – *Passport, onward/return ticket, and proof of sufficient funds required. Visa issued upon arrival for stay of up to 1 month, no charge, extendible up to 1 year. Medical exam, including AIDS test, performed upon arrival for work permits; U.S. test not accepted. For more information, consult Permanent Mission of Seychelles to the U.N., 800 Second Ave., Suite 400, New York, NY 10017 (212/972-1785) for further information.

SIERRA LEONE – *Passport and visa required. Single-entry visa, valid 3 months, requires 1 application form, 1 photo, return/onward ticket, proof of financial support from bank or employer, and $100 fee (money order only). Multiple-entry visa, valid for 1 year, $200 fee. Business visa also requires a letter of invitation from a company in Sierra Leone and a profile of the company in the U.S. that the traveler is representing. Provide SASE or prepaid air bill for return of documentation. Proof of yellow fever vaccination required. For business and additional information, consult the Embassy of Sierra Leone, 1701 19th St., NW, Washington, DC 20009 (202/939-9261).

SINGAPORE – *Passport, proof of sufficient funds for stay, and onward/return ticket required. Visa not required for tourist/business stays, length determined at the discretion of immigration officer, normally 30 days. For additional information, contact the Embassy of Singapore, 3501 International Place, NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/537-3100). Internet: www.mfa.gov.sg/washington/

SLOVAK REPUBLIC – * Passport and proof of sufficient health insurance coverage and funds required. Visa not required for business/tourist stay of up to 90 days. AIDS test required for long-term residence permit. For more information, contact the Embassy of the Slovak Republic, 3523 International Court, NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/237-1054) or Consulate General, 801 Second Ave., New York, NY (212/286-8434). Internet: www.slovakembassy-us.org

SLOVENIA – *Passport required. Visa not required for business/tourist stay of up to 90 days. For longer stays (e.g., employment, students), obtain a temporary residence permit before traveling. Additional information can be obtained from the Embassy of the Republic of Slovenia, 1525 New Hampshire Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20036 (202/667-5363) or the nearest Consulate General, 600 Third Ave., 21st Floor, New York, NY 10016 (212/370-3006), or 1111 Chester Ave., Suite 520, Cleveland, OH 44114 (216/589-9220).

SOLOMON ISLANDS – *Passport, onward/return ticket, and proof of sufficient funds required. Visitors permit issued on arrival for stay of up to 3 months in a 1-year period. For further information, consult Solomon Islands Mission to the U.N., 820 2nd Ave., Suite 800A, New York, NY 10017 (212/599-6192/93). Internet: www.commerce.gov.sb

SOMALIA – *Passport required. For further information, contact the Consulate of the Somali Democratic Republic in New York (212/688-9410).

SOUTH AFRICA – *Passport, onward/return ticket, and proof of sufficient funds required. Tourist or business visa not required for stay of up to 90 days. AIDS test required for all mine workers; U.S. test sometimes accepted. For more information, contact the Embassy of South Africa’s Consular Office, 3051 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/232-4400) or the nearest Consulate in CA (323/651-0902), IL (312/939-7929), or NY (212/213-4880). Internet: www.saembassy.org

SPAIN – *Passport required. Visa not required for tourist or business stays up to 90 days. (**90-day period begins when entering Schengen countries.) U.S. medical report, including AIDS test, required for residency, student, and work permits. For additional information, contact the Embassy of Spain, 2375 Pennsylvania Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20037 (202/452-0100 and 728-2330) or nearest Consulate General in CA (415/922-2995 and 213/938-0158), FL (305/446-5511), IL (312/782-4588), LA (504/525-4951), MA (617/536-2506), NY (212/355-4080), PR (787/758-6090), or TX (713/783-6200). Internet: www.spainemb.org

SRI LANKA – *Passport, onward/return ticket and proof of sufficient funds required. Tourist visa not required for stay of up to 30 days (extendible in Sri Lanka). For business travel, visa required and must be obtained in advance. Business visa valid 30 days, requires 1 application form, 2 photos, a company letter, a letter from sponsoring agency in Sri Lanka and employing company in U.S., a copy of an onward/return ticket, and $190 fee. Include postage for return of passport by registered mail. For further information, contact the Embassy of Sri Lanka, 2148 Wyoming Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/483-4025), the Consulate General in Los Angeles (213/387-0210), or the Consulate in New York (212/966-7040 to 7043). Internet: http://www.slembassyusa.org/

SUDAN – *Passport and visa required. Transit visa valid up to 7 days, requires $150 fee, onward/return ticket, and visa for next destination, if appropriate. Tourist/business visa for single-entry, 8 days up to 3 months, requires $150 fee, 1 application form, 2 photos, proof of sufficient funds, travel itinerary, and SASE for return passport. Business visa requires company letter stating purpose of visit and invitation from Sudanese officials. Visas not granted to passports showing Israeli visas. Allow 4 weeks for processing. Fees payable cash or money order only. Contact the Embassy of the Republic of Sudan, 2210 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/338-8565 to 8570) or Sudan Mission to the U.N., NY (212/421-2680). Internet: sudanembassy.org

SURINAME – *Passport, visa, and onward/return ticket required. Multiple-entry visa requires 1 application form, 1 photo, and appropriate fee. Business visa requires company letter explaining purpose of trip, name of institution to be visited and its address and telephone number in Suriname, and expected duration of visit. Processing fee: $45 (money order only). For return of passport by mail, include $10 for registered mail, or $18 for Express Mail (money order only), or enclose SASE. Allow 10 working days for processing. For additional requirements, contact the Embassy of the Republic of Suriname, Suite 460, 4301 Connecticut Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/244-7488 and 7590) or the Consulate in Miami (305/593-2697). Internet: www.surinameembassy.org

SWAZILAND – *Passport required. Visa not required for stay of up to 60 days. For longer stay, temporary residency permit available in Mbabane. Visitors must report to immigration authorities or police station within 48 hours unless lodging in a hotel. For further information, consult the Embassy of the Kingdom of Swaziland, 1712 New Hampshire Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20009 (202/234-5002).

SWEDEN – *Passport required. Visa not required for a stay of up to 90 days. (**90-day period begins when entering Schengen countries.) For further information, consult the Embassy of Sweden, 1501 M St., NW, Washington, DC 20005-1702 (202/467-2600) or nearest Consulate General: CA (310/445-4008), New York (212/583-2550), or any other Consulate of Sweden in the United States. Internet: www.swedenny.com

SWITZERLAND – *Passport required. Visa not required for tourism/study stay of less than 90 days. Visa not required for business/medical stay of up to 90 days. For further information, contact the Embassy of Switzerland, 2900 Cathedral Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/745-7900) or the nearest Consulate General: CA (310/575-1145 or 415/788-2272), GA (404/870-2000), IL (312/915-0061), NY (212/599-5700), or TX (713/650-0000). Internet: www.swissemb.org

SYRIA – *Passport and visa required. Obtain visa in advance. Singe or double-entry visa, valid for 3 months, requires 2 application forms, 2 photos, and $100 fee (money order only). Enclose SASE with $6 postage (not metered stamps for certified mail) for return of passport by mail, $14 for express mail. For additional information, contact the Embassy of the Syrian Arab Republic, 2215 Wyoming Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/232-6313). Internet: www.syrianembassy.us

TAHITI – (See French Polynesia.)

TAIWAN – *Passport, onward/return ticket, and valid visa for next destination, if applicable, required. Visa not required for stay of up to 30 days, no extensions if traveling on the visa waiver program. Health certificate, including AIDS test, is mandatory for anyone staying over 3 months, U.S. test not accepted. For business travel, longer stays, or other information, contact the Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office, 4201 Wisconsin Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20016-2137 (202/895-1800) or Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Atlanta (404/872-0123), Boston (617/737-2050), Chicago (312/616-0100), Guam (671/472-5865), Honolulu (808/595-6347), Houston (713/626-7445), Kansas City (816/531-1298), Los Angeles (213/389-1215), Miami (305/443-8917), New York (212/317-7300), San Francisco (415-362-7680), and Seattle (206/441-4586). Internet: www.taipei.org or www.boca.gov.tw

TAJIKISTAN – *Passport and visa required. Travelers must obtain visas before leaving for Tajikistan. Visas may be obtained from Tajik embassies or consulates abroad or upon arrival at Dushanbe airport only with prior arrangement with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) of Tajikstan. Travelers staying longer than 3 days must obtain registration stamps at the MFA. Travelers who intend to visit Tajikistan should also obtain double-entry Russian, Kazakh, or Uzbek visas prior to departure, depending on intended transit points. AIDS test required for anyone staying longer than 90 days. U.S. test sometimes accepted. For additional information, contact the Embassy of the Republic of Tajikstan, 1005 New Hampshire Ave., Washington, DC 20037 (202/223-6090). Internet: www.tjus.org

TANZANIA – *Passport and visa required. Single- and multiple-entry tourist visas are valid for 3 months. Business visa, for a stay of up to 2 months, requires 1 application form, 1 photo, and $200 fee (no personal checks). For more information, consult Embassy of Tanzania, 2139 R St., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/939-6125) or Tanzanian Permanent Mission to the U.N., 205 East 42nd St., 13th Floor, New York, NY 10017 (212/972-9160).

THAILAND – *Passport required. Tourists staying no longer than 30 days do not need a visa. For longer stays, obtain a visa in advance. Visa requires 1 application form, 2 photos, postage for return of passport by mail, and appropriate fee. Transit visa, for stay of up to 30 days, $20 per entry fee, or tourist visa, for stay of up to 60 days, $25 per entry fee. Extensions may be applied for in Thailand. Transit and tourist visas require copy of airline ticket or itinerary. Business visas, valid up to 90 days, require $20 entry fee or $40 fee for multiple-entry and company letter (on letterhead) stating purpose of visit, name of company, and address of counterpart in Thailand. (Note: All visa fees are payable in cash or money order, if applying in person, or by money order only, if applying by mail. Apply at the Royal Thai Embassy, 1024 Wisconsin Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20007 (202/944-3600), or the nearest Consulate General: CA (323/962-9574), IL (312/664-3129), or NY (212/754-1770). For other Consulates General throughout the U.S., call 202/944-3600. Internet: www.thaiembdc.org

TOGO – *Passport and visa required. All types of visas (except diplomatic) require 3 application forms, 3 photos, proof of sufficient funds, and $45 fee. For information on additional visa related requirements, contact the Embassy of the Republic of Togo, 2208 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/234-4212/3).

TONGA – *Passport and onward/return ticket required. Visa not required for stay of up to 30 days. For additional information, consult the Consulate General of Tonga, 360 Post St., Suite 604, San Francisco, CA 94108 (415/781-0365).

TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO – *Passport and onward/return ticket required. Visa not required for tourist/business stay of up to 90 days. Work visas required for compensated and non-compensated employment, including missionary work. For longer stays and more information, consult Embassy of Trinidad and Tobago, 1708 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20036 (202/467-6490) or the nearest Consulate General: New York (212/682-7272) or Miami (305/374-2199).

TUNISIA – *Passport and onward/return ticket required. Visas not required for tourist/business stay of up to 4 months. For further information, consult Embassy of Tunisia, 1515 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20005 (202/862-1850).

TURKEY – *Passport and visa required. Visas can be obtained at Turkish border crossing points for tourist/business visits of up to 3 months or through a Turkish consular office in the U.S. Visa requires a completed application form and $100 fee (cash or money order only). Visa must be obtained in advance for longer stays and for study, research, or employment purposes. For further information, contact the Consular Office of the Embassy of the Republic of Turkey, 2525 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/612-6740/41) or nearest Consulate: CA (323/937-0118), IL (312/263-0644), NY (212/949-0160), or TX (713/622-5849). Internet: www.turkishembassy.org

TURKMENISTAN – *Passport and visa required. Visa requires 1 application form, 1 photo, and letter of invitation. Business visa requires 1 application, 1 photo, and cover letter of invitation. Visas are available in a variety of time periods, and fees are paid according to the type of visa and processing time needed. AIDS test required for foreigners staying longer than 3 months. U.S. test accepted. For further information about visa fees and types, consult the Embassy of Turkmenistan, 2207 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/588-1500). Internet: www.turkmenistanembassy.org

TURKS AND CAICOS – (See West Indies, British.)

TUVALU – *Passport, onward/return ticket, and proof of sufficient funds required. Visitors permit issued on arrival. For further information, consult British Embassy (202/588-7800).

UGANDA – *Passport and visa required. For other information, contact the Embassy of the Republic of Uganda, 5911 16th St., NW, Washington, DC 20011 (202/726-7100-02) or Permanent Mission to the U.N. (212/949-0110).

UKRAINE – *Passport and visa required. Visa requires 1 application form, 1 photo, a letter of invitation, and $100 to $165 fee (money order only), depending upon whether you apply for a single, double, or multiple-entry visa. Transit visa requires onward/return ticket. Anyone applying for a visa for a stay of 3 months or longer is required to present a certificate showing that they are HIV negative; U.S. test results sometimes accepted. For additional information, contact the Consular Office of the Embassy of Ukraine, 3350 M St., NW, Washington, DC 20007 (202/333-7507/08/09), or the nearest Consulate General: Chicago (312/642-8744) or New York (212/371-5691). Internet: www.ukremb.com

UNITED ARAB EMIRATES – *Passport and visa required. For specific information, contact the Embassy of the United Arab Emirates, 3522 International Court, NW, Suite 100, Washington, DC 20008 (202/243-2400). Internet: UAE-embassy.org

UNITED KINGDOM (England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales) – *Passport required. Visa not required for stay of up to 6 months. For additional information, consult the nearest visa-issuing Consulate General: CA (310/481-2900), IL (312/970-3800), or NY (212/745-0200). Internet: www.britainusa.com/embassy

URUGUAY – *Passport required. Visa not required for tourist/business stay of up to 90 days. For additional information, consult the Embassy of Uruguay, 1913 I St., NW, 3rd Floor, Washington, DC 20006 (202/331-4219) or nearest Consulate General: CA (310/394-5777), FL (305/443- 9764), or NY (212/753-8191 or 92). Internet: www.uruwashi.org

UZBEKISTAN – *Passport and visa required. Tourist visa requires 1 application form, 1 photo, travel itinerary, and $100 fee (money order only). Processing time is 7 business days after receipt of application. Visa valid for 4 years with multiple entries, however, visitor may only stay for the duration of stay indicated on the visa. If visit is for less than 72 hours, visa must be obtained prior to travel. For business travel and other information, consult the Consular Section of the Embassy of the Republic of Uzbekistan, 1746 Massachusetts Ave., NW, 20036 (202/530-7291) or the Consulate General, 866 United Nations Plaza, Suite 327A, New York, NY 10017 (212/754- 7403). Internet: www.usembassy.uz

VANUATU – *Passport and onward/return ticket required. Visa not required for stay of up to 30 days. Visa requires one blank page in passport. For further information, consult the Vanuatu Mission to the UN (212/593-0144 or 0215). Internet: www.travelchinaguide.com/embassy/vanuatu

VATICAN – (See Holy See.)

VENEZUELA – *Passport, onward/return ticket, and proof of sufficient funds required. Visa not required for a stay of up to 90 days. Business and other travelers require a visa. All travelers must pay departure tax ($30) at airport. Minors (under 18) who are traveling alone, with one parent or with a third party, must present a copy of their birth certificate and written authorization from the absent parent(s) or legal guardian. For additional information, contact the Consular Section of the Embassy of Venezuela, 1099 30th St., NW, Washington, DC 20007 (202/342-2214) or the nearest Consulate: CA (415/955-1982), FL (305/577-4214), IL (312/236-9655), LA (504/522-3284), MA (617/266-9368), NY (212/826-1660), PR (809/766-4250/1), or TX (713/961-5166). Internet: www.embavenez-us.gov

VIETNAM – *Passport and visa required. For specific requirements, contact the Embassy of Vietnam, 1233 20th St., NW, Suite 400, Washington, DC 20036 (202/861-2293 or 861-0694). Internet: www.vietnamembassy-usa.org

VIRGIN ISLANDS, British – Islands include Anegarda, Jost van Dyke, Tortola, and Virgin Gorda. Proof of U.S. citizenship, photo ID, onward/return ticket, and sufficient funds required for tourist stay of up to 6 months. Consult the British Embassy for further information (202/588-7800). Internet: www.britain-info.org

WALES – (See United Kingdom.)

WEST INDIES, British – Islands include Anguilla, Montserrat, Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos. *Passport, onward/return ticket, and sufficient funds required for tourist stay of up to 3 months. Consult the British Embassy for further information (202/588-7800). Internet: www.britain-info.org

WEST INDIES, French – Islands include Guadeloupe, Isles des Saintes, La Desirade, Marie Galante, Saint Barthelemy, St. Martin, and Martinique. *Passport required. Visa not required for tourist/business stay of up to 6 months. For further information, consult the Embassy of France (202/944-6000). Internet: www.info-france-usa.org

WESTERN SAMOA – (See Samoa)

YEMEN, REPUBLIC OF – *Passport and visa required. Visa valid 30 days from date of issuance for single-entry; requires 1 application form and 2 photos. Tourist visa requires proof of onward/return transportation, employment, letter of invitation, health certificate, and $50 fee ($30 visa fee plus $20 application fee). Business visa requires $50 fee. Minimum processing time is 3 business days. (Payment by money orders only and send SASE with proper postage for return of passport by registered mail). Prior to visiting Yemen, it is necessary to visit a medical clinic. For more information, contact the Embassy of the Republic of Yemen, Suite 705, 2600 Virginia Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20037 (202/965-4760) or Yemen Mission to the U.N., 866 United Nations Plaza, Room 435, New York, NY 10017 (212/355-1730). Internet: www.yemenembassy.org

ZAIRE – (See Congo, Democratic Republic of)

ZAMBIA – *Passport and visa required. Tourist/business multiple-entry visa, valid up to 3 years, requires $40 processing fee (no personal checks), 2 application forms, and 2 photos. Note: If applicant adds spouse and/or children to visa form, traveler must pay an additional $10 fee for each. When a visa is obtained at port of entry, it is only valid for a stay of up to 3 months and the fee is $25. Business visa also requires company letter. For more information, consult the Embassy of the Republic of Zambia, 2419 Massachusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20008 (202/265-9717 or 19).

ZANZIBAR – (See Tanzania.)

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ZIMBABWE – *Passport, visa, onward/return ticket and proof of sufficient funds required for a stay of up to 6 months. Visas issued upon arrival in Zimbabwe, $30 fee. Anti-malarial pills are recommended. $30 exit fee paid at airport. Visitors must declare currency upon arrival. For regulations, check with the Embassy of Zimbabwe, 1608 New Hampshire Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20009 (202/332-7100). Internet: www.zimbabwe-embassy.us

Some countries require that your U.S. passport be valid at least six months or longer beyond the dates of your trip. Check with the Embassy or Consulate of the country you plan to visit for their requirements.

**Schengen countries: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, and Sweden.

Notes

  • SASE is self-addressed, stamped envelope.
  • If applying in person, remember to call about office hours. Many consulates are only open in the morning and closed for local holidays.
  • This booklet is updated yearly. This publication and Passports –Applying for them the EASY WAY , Tips for Women Traveling Alone , Tips for Students , and Tips for Travelers with Disabilities , which provides useful information for persons traveling abroad, are available from the Consumer Information Center, Pueblo, CO 81009; tel: 719-948-4000 for $1.00 each.

Consular Information Program

The State Department’s Bureau of Consular Affairs provides assistance and information to U.S. citizens traveling abroad. Consular Affairs issues Consular Information Sheets, Travel Warnings, Public Announcements, and other travel publications. The following gives a brief description of some of the information currently available through the Consular Information Program:

Consular Information Sheets, Travel Warnings, and Public Announcements

Consular Information Sheets are issued for every country in the world. They include such information as the location of the U.S. embassy or consulate in the subject country, health conditions, political disturbances, unusual currency and entry regulations, crime and security information, and drug penalties.

The State Department also issues Travel Warnings and Public Announcements. Travel Warnings are issued when the State Department decides to recommend that Americans avoid travel to a certain country. Countries where avoidance of travel is recommended will have Travel Warnings as well as Consular Information Sheets. Public Announcements are issued as a means to disseminate information quickly about terrorist threats and other relatively short-term and/or transnational conditions posing significant risks to the security of American travelers.

Travel Brochures

A Safe Trip Abroad contains helpful precautions one can take to minimize the chance of becoming a victim of terrorism or crime.

Tips for Americans Residing Abroad offers information for U.S. citizens living abroad on dual citizenship, tax regulations, voting, and other consular services.

Travel Tips for Older Americans contains special health, safety and travel information for older Americans.

Your Trip Abroad offers tips on obtaining a passport, considerations in preparing for your trip and traveling, and other sources of information.

The following travel tips brochures contain information on currency regulations, customs, and dual nationality for specific areas of the world:

Tips for Travelers to Canada
Tips for Travelers to the Caribbean
Tips for Travelers to Central & South America
Tips for Travelers to Mexico
Tips for Travelers to the Middle East and North Africa
Tips for Travelers to the People’s Republic of China
Tips for Travelers to Russia
Tips for Travelers to South Asia
Tips for Travelers to Sub-Saharan Africa

Consular Information Sheets , Travel Warnings, Public Announcements , and Consular Affairs’ publications can be obtained by accessing Internet at http://travel.state.gov.

Publications can also be purchased from the *U.S. Government Printing Office (GPO). Copies of Consular Affairs’ publications are available for $1.50 – $3.00 from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402, tel: 202/512-1800, fax: 202/512-2250, Internet: http://bookstore.gpo.gov/.

(Prices and availability are subject to change without notice. Please check with the GPO for up-to-date information.)

Top Ten Tips for Travelers

  1. Make sure you have a signed, valid passport and visa, if required. Also, before you go, fill in the emergency information page of your passport!
  2. Read the Consular Information Sheets (and Public Announcements or Travel Warnings, if applicable) for the countries you plan to visit. (See the section “Consular Information Program.”)
  3. Leave copies of your itinerary, passport data page and visas with family or friends at home, so that you can be contacted in case of an emergency.
  4. Make sure you have insurance, which will cover your emergency medical needs, while you are overseas.
  5. Familiarize yourself with local laws and customs of the countries to which you are traveling. Remember, while in a foreign country, you are subject to its laws!
  6. Do not leave your luggage unattended in public areas and never accept packages from strangers.
  7. While abroad, avoid using illicit drugs or drinking excessive amounts of alcoholic beverages, and associating with people who do.
  8. Do not become a target for thieves by wearing conspicuous clothing and expensive jewelry and do not carry excessive amounts of cash or unnecessary credit cards.
  9. Deal only with authorized agents when you exchange money or purchase art or antiques in order to avoid violating local laws.
  10. When overseas, avoid demonstrations and other situations that may become unruly or where anti-American sentiments may be expressed.

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